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Ag Data Commons migration begins October 18, 2023

The Ag Data Commons is migrating to a new platform – an institutional portal on Figshare. Starting October 18 the current system will be available for search and download only. Submissions will resume after the launch of our portal on Figshare in November. Stay tuned for details!

Data from: Ploidy determination of buffel grass accessions in the USDA National Plant Germplasm System collection by flow cytometry

    The DNA content of 568 accessions of buffel grass in the USDA National Plant Germplasm System was determined through flow cytometry to predict their ploidy levels. Based on DNA content, 308 accessions were determined as tetraploids with 36 chromosomes, 139 as pentaploids with 45 chromosomes, 20 as hexaploids with 54 chromosomes, two as septaploids with 63 chromosomes, and 99 as aneuploids. Chromosome counts of selected plants confirmed ploidy levels from DNA findings. Chromosome number of euploid plants could be predicted from the DNA data.

    Data from: A High-Quality Genome Assembly from a Single, Field-collected Spotted Lanternfly (Lycorma delicatula) using the PacBio Sequel II System

      A 2.3 Gb *de novo* genome assembly of a field-collected adult female Spotted Lanternfly (*Lycorma delicatula*) using a single PacBio SMRT Cell is provided. Supporting files for the manuscript "A High-Quality Genome Assembly from a Single, Field-collected Spotted Lanternfly (*Lycorma delicatula*) using the PacBio Sequel II System", include several intermediate versions of the assembly (raw output from Falcon, raw output from Falcon unzip, etc.) as well as the final assembly primary contigs and haplotigs (for the regions of the genome that were phased).


        Unique Pattern Informative Combinations (UPIC), a decision tool for the cost-effective design of DNA fingerprinting/genotyping experiments using simple-sequence/tandem repeat (SSR/STR) markers.


          The Russian-English Agricultural Atlas is the world’s most comprehensive source of information on the geographic distribution of plant-based agriculture in Russia and neighboring countries. The Atlas contains 1500 maps that illustrate the distribution of 100 crops, 560 wild crop relatives, 640 diseases, pests and weeds, and 200 environmental parameters. Additionally, the Atlas provides detailed biological descriptions, illustrations, metadata and reference lists. Currently, individual maps can be downloaded and viewed using freely available AgroAtlas GIS Utility software, which can also be downloaded at this site.

          Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm-II

            This code is implements the nondominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) in the R statistical programming language. The function is theoretically applicable to any number of objectives without modification. The function automatically detects the number of objectives from the population matrix used in the function call. NSGA-II has been applied in ARS research for automatic calibration of hydrolgic models (whittaker link) and economic optimization (whittaker link).

            Divergence in host specificity and genetics among populations of Aphelinus certus

              These are data on variation in host specificity and genetics among 16 populations of an aphid parasitoid, *Aphelinus certus*, 15 from Asia and one from North America. Host range was the same for all the parasitoid populations, but levels of parasitism varied among aphid species, suggesting adaptation to locally abundant aphids. Differences in host specificity did not correlate with geographical distances among parasitoid populations, suggesting that local adaption is mosaic rather than clinal, with a spatial scale of less than 50 kilometers. Analysis of reduced representation libraries for each population showed genetic differentiation among them. Differences in host specificity correlated with genetic distances among the parasitoid populations.

              The Triticeae Toolbox

                [The Triticeae Toolbox](https://triticeaetoolbox.org/) (T3) webportal hosts data generated by the Triticeae Coordinated Agricultural Project (CAP), funded by the National Institute for Food and Agriculture (NIFA) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). T3 contains SNP, phenotypic, and pedigree data from wheat and barley germplasm in the Triticeae CAP integrating rapidly expanding DNA marker and sequence data with traditional phenotypic data.

                Data from: Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of the USDA Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) Germplasm Collections Using GBSpoly

                  Population structure and genetic diversity of 417 USDA sweetpotato (*Ipomoea batatas*) accessions originating from 8 broad geographical regions (Africa, Australia, Caribbean, Central America, Far East, North America, Pacific Islands, and South America) were determined using single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) identified with a genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) protocol, GBSpoly, optimized for highly heterozygous and polyploid species.