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Compilation of climate data from heterogeneous networks across the Hawaiian Islands

Long-term, accurate observations of atmospheric phenomena are essential for a myriad of applications, including historic and future climate assessments, resource management, and infrastructure planning. In Hawai‘i, climate data are available from individual researchers, local, State, and Federal agencies, and from large electronic repositories such as the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). Researchers attempting to make use of available data are faced with a series of challenges that include: (1) identifying potential data sources; (2) acquiring data; (3) establishing data quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) protocols; and (4) implementing robust gap filling techniques. This paper addresses these challenges by providing: (1) a summary of the available climate data in Hawai‘i including a detailed description of the various meteorological observation networks and data accessibility, and (2) a quality-controlled meteorological dataset across the Hawaiian Islands for the 25-year period 1990-2014. The dataset draws on observations from 471 climate stations and includes rainfall, maximum and minimum surface air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, downward shortwave and longwave radiation data.

Dataset Info

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FieldValue
Authors
Longman, Ryan J.
Giambelluca, Thomas W.
(ORCID)
Nullet, Michael A.
Frazier, Abby G.
(ORCID)
Kodama, Kevin
Crausbay, Shelley D.
Krushelnycky, Paul D.
Cordell, Susan
Clark, Martyn P.
Newman, Andy J.
Arnold, Jeffrey R.
(ORCID)
Product Type
Dataset
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Area
MULTIPOLYGON (((-155.634835 18.948267, -155.881297 19.035898, -155.919636 19.123529, -155.886774 19.348084, -156.062036 19.73147, -155.925113 19.857439, -155.826528 20.032702, -155.897728 20.147717, -155.87582 20.26821, -155.596496 20.12581, -155.284311 20.021748, -155.092618 19.868393, -155.092618 19.736947, -154.807817 19.523346, -154.983079 19.348084, -155.295265 19.26593, -155.514342 19.134483, -155.634835 18.948267)), ((-156.587823 21.029505, -156.472807 20.892581, -156.324929 20.952827, -156.00179 20.793996, -156.051082 20.651596, -156.379699 20.580396, -156.445422 20.60778, -156.461853 20.783042, -156.631638 20.821381, -156.697361 20.919966, -156.587823 21.029505)), ((-156.982162 21.210244, -157.080747 21.106182, -157.310779 21.106182, -157.239579 21.221198, -156.982162 21.210244)), ((-157.951581 21.697691, -157.842042 21.462183, -157.896811 21.325259, -158.110412 21.303352, -158.252813 21.582676, -158.126843 21.588153, -157.951581 21.697691)), ((-159.468693 22.228955, -159.353678 22.218001, -159.298908 22.113939, -159.33177 21.966061, -159.446786 21.872953, -159.764448 21.987969, -159.726109 22.152277, -159.468693 22.228955)))
Temporal Coverage
1990/2014
Intended Use
To describe the availability of climate data in Hawai‘i from both active and discontinued stations, the methods used for data acquisition and standardization, and to provide access to a quality-controlled multivariate data set for the 25-year period 1990–2014.
Publisher
Scientific Data
Contact Name
Longman, Ryan J.
Contact Email
Public Access Level
Public
Primary Article

Longman, R. J., Giambelluca, T. W., Nullet, M. A., Frazier, A. G., Kodama, K., Crausbay, S. D., Krushelnycky, P. D., Cordell, S., Clark, M. P., Newman, A. J., & Arnold, J. R. (2018). Compilation of climate data from heterogeneous networks across the Hawaiian Islands. Scientific Data, 5, 180012.

Methods Citation

Longman, R. J., Giambelluca, T. W., Nullet, M. A., Frazier, A. G., Kodama, K., Crausbay, S. D., Krushelnycky, P. D., Cordell, S., Clark, M. P., Newman, A. J., & Arnold, J. R. (2018). Compilation of climate data from heterogeneous networks across the Hawaiian Islands. Scientific Data, 5, 180012.

License
Funding Source(s)
U.S. Forest Service
Dataset DOI (digital object identifier)
10.1038/sdata.2018.12
Modified Date
2018-10-23
Release Date
2018-06-26
Ag Data Commons Keywords: 
  • Agroecosystems & Environment
  • Weather and Climate
  • Maps & Multimedia
  • Maps
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