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Data from: Biochar stability in a highly weathered sandy soil under four years of continuous corn production

This is digital research metadata corresponding to a published manuscript in Energies (MDPI) entitled "Biochar stability in a highly weathered sandy soil under four years of continuous corn production", Volume 14, Issue 19, 6157. Dataset may be accessed via the included link at the Dryad data repository.

Biochar is being considered a climate change mitigation tool by increasing soil organic carbon contents (SOC), however, questions remain concerning its longevity in soil. We applied 30,000 kg ha−1 of biochars to plots containing a Goldsboro sandy loam (Fine-loamy, siliceous, sub-active, thermic Aquic Paleudults) and then physically disked all plots. Thereafter, the plots were agronomically managed under 4 years (Y) of continuous corn (Zea mays, L.) planting. Annually, incremental soil along with corresponding bulk density samples were collected and SOC concentrations were measured in topsoil (down to 23-cm). The biochars were produced from Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) chip (PC) and Poultry litter (PL) feedstocks. An untreated Goldsboro soil (0 biochar) served as a control. After four years, SOC contents in the biochar treated plots were highest in the top 0–5 and 5–10 cm depth suggesting minimal deeper movement. Declines in SOC contents varied with depth and biochar type. After correction for SOC declines in controls, PL biochar treated soil had a similar decline in SOC (7.9 to 10.3%) contents. In contrast, the largest % SOC content decline (20.2%) occurred in 0–5 cm deep topsoil treated with PC biochar. Our results suggest that PC biochar had less stability in the Goldsboro soil than PL biochar after 4 years of corn grain production.

Methods are described in the manuscript: https://doi.org/10.3390/en14196157. Descriptions corresponding to each figure and table in the manuscript are placed on separate tabs in the Excel file to clarify abbreviations and summarize the data headings and units.

Release Date
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Area
POINT (-79.812279 34.243632)
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location
Florence, SC
Temporal Coverage
January 4, 2016 to April 8, 2020
Contact Name
Ducey, Thomas
Contact Email
Public Access Level
Program Code
005:040 - Department of Agriculture - National Research
Bureau Code
005:18 - Agricultural Research Service