This is digital research metadata corresponding to a published manuscript in Energies (MDPI) entitled "Biochar stability in a highly weathered sandy soil under four years of continuous corn production", Volume 14, Issue 19, 6157. Dataset may be accessed via the included link at the Dryad data repository.
Biochar is being considered a climate change mitigation tool by increasing soil organic carbon contents (SOC), however, questions remain concerning its longevity in soil. We applied 30,000 kg ha−1 of biochars to plots containing a Goldsboro sandy loam (Fine-loamy, siliceous, sub-active, thermic Aquic Paleudults) and then physically disked all plots. Thereafter, the plots were agronomically managed under 4 years (Y) of continuous corn (Zea mays, L.) planting. Annually, incremental soil along with corresponding bulk density samples were collected and SOC concentrations were measured in topsoil (down to 23-cm). The biochars were produced from Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) chip (PC) and Poultry litter (PL) feedstocks. An untreated Goldsboro soil (0 biochar) served as a control. After four years, SOC contents in the biochar treated plots were highest in the top 0–5 and 5–10 cm depth suggesting minimal deeper movement. Declines in SOC contents varied with depth and biochar type. After correction for SOC declines in controls, PL biochar treated soil had a similar decline in SOC (7.9 to 10.3%) contents. In contrast, the largest % SOC content decline (20.2%) occurred in 0–5 cm deep topsoil treated with PC biochar. Our results suggest that PC biochar had less stability in the Goldsboro soil than PL biochar after 4 years of corn grain production.
Methods are described in the manuscript: https://doi.org/10.3390/en14196157. Descriptions corresponding to each figure and table in the manuscript are placed on separate tabs in the Excel file to clarify abbreviations and summarize the data headings and units.
- Digital research data for Biochar stability in a highly weathered sandy soil under four years of continuous corn productionhtml
Novak, Jeffrey et al. (2021), Digital research data from: Biochar stability...Explore Data
|Release Date|| |
|Spatial / Geographical Coverage Area|| |
POINT (-79.812279 34.243632)
|Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location|| |
|Temporal Coverage|| |
January 4, 2016 to April 8, 2020
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|Public Access Level|| |
|Program Code|| |
005:040 - Department of Agriculture - National Research
|Bureau Code|| |
005:18 - Agricultural Research Service