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Data Extent

Data from: Host specificity of Aphelinus species considered for introduction to control Diuraphis noxia

Diuraphis noxia, the Russian wheat aphid, has become a major pest of wheat and barley since first being detected in the western USA in 1986. However, it is rarely a pest in Eurasia, its area of origin, and research has shown that natural enemies can limit its abundance there. Among the most important of natural enemies of D. noxia in Eurasia are parasitoids in the genus Aphelinus. These data are results of laboratory experiments on host specificity of ten populations of seven species from two species complexes in the genus Aphelinus. Host specificity was not related to host plant species or the phylogenetic relatedness of the aphids or the parasitoids. While some species had very broad host ranges and others had intermediate host ranges, Aphelinus hordei had a very narrow host range, being restricted primarily to species in the genus Diuraphis, and especially D. noxia. We also report the results of experiments on the mechanisms of this host specificity. Most of the host specificity of A. hordei can be explained by differences in the behavior of females when they encountered different aphid species. Females of A. hordei rarely approach, sting, oviposit or host feed on aphids outside the genus Diuraphis, and they oviposit most frequently in D. noxia. From these results, we conclude that A. hordei is an excellent candidate for introduction into the USA to control D. noxia.

FieldValue
Tags
Modified
2019-08-05
Release Date
2016-12-28
Frequency
Irregularly
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Area
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Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location
China (Hebei), France (Herault), Israel (Judea), Republic of Georgia (Tbilisi), USA (Colorado)
Publisher
Ag Data Commons
Temporal Coverage
January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2015
License
Contact Name
Hopper, Keith R.
Contact Email
Public Access Level
Public
Program Code
005:037 - Department of Agriculture - Research and Education
Bureau Code
005:18 - Agricultural Research Service
34759558-1958-4598-ad27-ddb28bcdf105