Cover crop (CC) growth and biomass production in the Mid-Atlantic region can be limited following double crop soybean due slow establishment related cool fall temperatures. Interseeding CC in summer before soybean canopy closure can improve establishment and spring biomass production. This practice can also increase the diversity of available CC species, reduce weed pressure and reduce nutrient losses. This study evaluates the effects of interseeded CC on soil temperature, soil water balances, evapotranspiration, infiltration, and yield and water use efficiency of corn (Zea mays L.) phase, following soybean (Glycine max L.) The study was conducted at the USDA Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, MD from 2017 through 2020. The cropping systems under study were primarily sequences of corn-soybean-wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)-double crop soybean all planted with no-tillage management. No cover crops (NC) were grown prior to corn in Systems 3 and 4. In System 5, a cover crop (CC) mixture of rye (Secale cereale L.)-hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth)-crimson clover (Trifolium incarnatum L.) was interseeded into DCS prior to soybean canopy closure. In System 6, red clover (rc, Trifolium pratense L.) was interseeded into wheat in March and rye was planted into rc after wheat harvest in July.
Resources in this dataset:
Resource Title: CCSP 2023 AGWAT Metadata
File Name: CCSP 2023 AGWAT Metadata.docx
Description: Meta information describing data collection procedures, estimation of ET and infiltration, and methods used to replace sensor data having errors.
Resource Title: CCSP Experiment Setup Info Tables 1 Through 4
File Name: CCSP Experiment Setup Info Tables 1 Through 4.xlsx
Description: File contains data from Tables 1 through 4 of the manuscript and a schematic of the crop rotation; Table 1 describes the four cropping systems; Table 2 provides corn planting and harvest dates, cumulative growing degree days (CumGDD oC), rainfall, and period of soil water measurement for the growing season; Table 3 describes the soil water sensors and soil depths measured; and Table 4 gives 10 year average monthly air temperature and rainfall (2011 to 2020). Cover crop varieties are included in an additional worksheet. [Note: file updated to include cover crop varieties worksheet on 07/21/2023]
Resource Title: CCSP Corn Yield Cover Crop Biomass
File Name: CCSP Corn Yield Cover Crop Biomass.xlsx
Description: Cover crop biomass (kg/ha) and corn yields (kg/ha) for 2017 through 2020 are provided at the replication and cropping system treatment level. Details about biomass sampling and corn harvest are contained in the manuscript.
Resource Title: CCSP ET Calc Input Output Data And Meta Info
File Name: CCSP ET Calc Input Output Data And Meta Info.xlsx
Description: Weather data used to estimate daily evapotranspiration using ETCalc, an online calculator (Danielescu, 2021 and 2022) [ https://etcalc.hydrotools.tech/pageMain.php]. The input and output data are provided in separate tabs of the excel file. The first tab provides additional meta information.
Resource Title: CCSP Weather 2017-2020 Rain And Air Temp For GDD
File Name: CCSP Weather 2017-2020 Rain And Air Temp For GDD.xlsx
Description: Daily data collected from a nearby weather station used to calculate 10-year average rainfall and temperature and used to calculate growing degree days in each growing season. Growing degree day calculations are presented in tabs for each year.
Resource Title: CCSP Soil Temperature And Soil Water By Depth
File Name: Volumetric soil water content (m3/m3) (VWC) and soil temperature data collected at 4 depths in each plot. VWC was converted to mm water per depth and summed for the soil profile (0 to 862 mm). Measurements were averaged to daily values. Soil water storage and soil temperature data are given for each replication, cropping system treatment, and horizon depth in separate tabs for each year.
- CCSP 2023 AGWAT MetadataData
Word document of meta information describing data collection procedures,...MD5:
- CCSP Experiment Setup Info Tables 1 Through 4xlsx
File contains data from Tables 1 through 4 of the manuscript and a schematic...MD5:TIMESTAMP:
- CCSP Corn Yield Cover Crop Biomassxlsx
Cover crop biomass (kg/ha) prior to corn planting and corn yields (kg/ha)...MD5:
- CCSP ET Calc Input Output Data And Meta Infoxlsx
Weather data used as inputs to ETCalc, an online evapotranspiration...MD5:
- CCSP Weather 2017-2020 Rain And Air Temp For GDDxlsx
Daily data collected from a nearby weather station used to calculate 10-year...MD5:
- CCSP Soil Temperature And Soil Water By Depthxlsx
Volumetric soil water content (m3/m3) (VWC) and soil temperature data...MD5:
|Release Date|| |
|Spatial / Geographical Coverage Area|| |
POLYGON ((-76.941013634205 39.012626386656, -76.942492788658 39.014403170041, -76.941490899771 39.014857604037, -76.940072178841 39.012979640024, -76.937086880207 39.010860093348, -76.937706302851 39.010299683291))
Ag Data Commons
|Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location|| |
South Farm Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, MD
|Temporal Coverage|| |
May 1, 2017 to September 30, 2020
|Contact Name|| |
|Public Access Level|| |
|Program Code|| |
005:040 - Department of Agriculture - National Research
|Bureau Code|| |
005:18 - Agricultural Research Service