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Data Extent

Data from: Retrospective Analysis of a Classical Biological Control Program

Life Table Data: Field-based, partial life table data for immature stages of Bemisia tabaci on cotton in Maricopa, Arizona, USA. Data were generated on approximately 200 individual insects per cohort with 2-5 cohorts per year for a total of 44 cohorts between 1997 and 2010. Data provide the marginal, stage-specific rates of mortality for eggs, and 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th instar nymphs. Mortality is characterized as caused by inviability (eggs only), dislodgement, predation, parasitism and unknown. Detailed methods can be found in Naranjo and Ellsworth 2005 (Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 116(2): 93-108). The method takes advantage of the sessile nature of immature stages of this insect. Briefly, an observer follows individual eggs or settled first instar nymphs from natural populations on the underside of cotton leaves in the field with a hand lens and determines causes of death for each individual over time. Approximately 200 individual eggs and nymphs are observed for each cohort. Separately, densities of eggs and nymphs are monitored with standard methods (Naranjo and Flint 1994, Environmental Entomology 23: 254-266; Naranjo and Flint 1995, Environmental Entomology 24: 261-270) on a weekly basis.

Matrix Model Data: Life table data were used to provide parameters for population matrix models. Matrix models contain information about stage-specific rates for development, survival and reproduction. The model can be used to estimate overall population growth rate and can also be analyzed to determine which life stages contribute the most to changes in growth rates.

Dataset Info

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Naranjo, Steven E.
Product Type
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Area
POLYGON ((-471.99578189728 33.08774707887, -471.99578189728 33.104429079193, -471.97432422516 33.104429079193, -471.97432422516 33.08774707887))
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location
Research farm site near 21881 North Cardon Lane, Maricopa, Arizona, USA 85138
Temporal Coverage
Intended Use
Description, modeling, statistical analyses of demographics of Bemisia tabaci in the cotton system in central Arizona. Data can be used to test for changes in insect population dynamics as a result of changes to the environment, for example the introduction of new biological control agents.
Use Limitations
Data were collected during summer months and may not be representative of insect dynamics during other times of the season. Adult survival and reproduction were estimated from published studies conducted in the laboratory and may not accurately reflect these processes in the field.
Ag Data Commons
Contact Name
Naranjo, Steve
Contact Email
Public Access Level
Primary Article

Naranjo, S.E. (2018). Retrospective Analysis of a Classical Biological Control Program. Journal Of Applied Ecology , 55(5) 2439-2450

Methods Citation

Naranjo, S.E., & Ellsworth, P.C. (2005). Mortality dynamics and population regulation in Bemisia tabaci. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 116(2), 93-108.

AgID: 10113/156

Naranjo, S., & Ellsworth, P. (2017). Methodology for Developing Life Tables for Sessile Insects in the Field Using the Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, in Cotton As a Model System. Journal Of Visualized Experiments, (129).

Steven E. Naranjo (CD and RL approves his own publications)
Funding Source(s)
Agricultural Research Service
Dataset DOI (digital object identifier)
Program Code
005:037 - Department of Agriculture - Research and Education
Bureau Code
005:18 - Agricultural Research Service
Modified Date
Release Date
Ag Data Commons Keywords: 
  • Agroecosystems & Environment
  • Agroecosystems & Environment
  • Agricultural pests
State or Territory: