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Data from: Wild emmer genome architecture and diversity elucidate wheat evolution and domestication

Wheat (Triticum spp.) is one of the founder crops that likely drove the Neolithic transition to sedentary agrarian societies in the Fertile Crescent more than 10,000 years ago. Identifying genetic modifications underlying wheat's domestication requires knowledge about the genome of its allo-tetraploid progenitor, wild emmer (T. turgidum ssp. dicoccoides). We report a 10.1-gigabase assembly of the 14 chromosomes of wild tetraploid wheat, as well as analyses of gene content, genome architecture, and genetic diversity. With this fully assembled polyploid wheat genome, we identified the causal mutations in Brittle Rachis 1 (TtBtr1) genes controlling shattering, a key domestication trait. A study of genomic diversity among wild and domesticated accessions revealed genomic regions bearing the signature of selection under domestication. This reference assembly will serve as a resource for accelerating the genome-assisted improvement of modern wheat varieties.

FieldValue
Tags
Modified
2019-08-05
Release Date
2018-09-10
Identifier
b4f13c87-a58c-426f-b124-b5ced2922ff8
Publisher
Science
License
License Not Specified
Contact Name
Distelfeld, Assaf
Contact Email
Public Access Level
Public