U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Other Access

The information on this page (the dataset metadata) is also available in these formats:


via the DKAN API

Data Extent

Economic Model of Deficit Irrigation II (spreadsheet)

This spreadsheet model calculates the net income for irrigated agricultural production. The model is designed to evaluate the economics of deficit irrigation (irrigation at less than the amount required to produce maximum yield).

The spreadsheet first models the water production function for a crop, then uses that relationship along with crop price and production costs to calculate net income and the irrigation amount that maximizes net income.

This spreadsheet is similar to another posted at Ag Data Commons: "Economic Model of Deficit Irrigation" (http://dx.doi.org/10.15482/USDA.ADC/1504421). That model was designed primarily to evaluate deficit irrigation as a means to compare revenue with reduced water consumption to income gained by transferring the saved water.

The model includes two common scenarios: 1) irrigation water supply is adequate but expensive, and 2) irrigation water supply is inadequate to fully irrigate the available land. In the first scenario, net income is maximized when the marginal costs of production, including water, is equal to the marginal revenue. In the second scenario, net income is maximized when the value of the water is maximized by selecting the portion of the land that should be irrigated. In the second scenario, the value and costs of the un-irrigated land are included.

The first worksheet of the spreadsheet describes the relationships used in each worksheet and the input parameters required. Additional worksheets calculate the water production function, the irrigation water production function, and the net income for each of the two scenarios. The worksheets allow the user to input the various biophysical and economic parameters relevant to their conditions and allows evaluating various parameter combinations. Each worksheet contains graphs to visualize the results.

Release Date
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Area
POLYGON ((-129.287109375 26.630273470592, -129.287109375 51.098347790891, -93.427734375 51.098347790891, -93.427734375 26.630273470592))
Ag Data Commons
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location
The model is not site specific and is applicable to any irrigated area where irrigation water is expensive or inadequate. Scenarios are based on western U.S. irrigated areas.
Temporal Coverage
June 5, 2020
Data Dictionary
Contact Name
Trout, Thomas
Contact Email
Public Access Level
Program Code
005:040 - Department of Agriculture - National Research
Bureau Code
005:18 - Agricultural Research Service