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Laboratory determined soil salinity (ECe) and saturation percentage (SP)

ECe: Electrical conductivity (dS/m) of soil saturation paste extract.
SP: Dry-weight saturation percentage of the saturation paste.
YEAR: Year sample was collected.
DATASET: Salinity survey identifier (see below)
ID: Dataset unique identifier for the geolocation of the measurement.
Top: Upper depth of the extracted soil sample
Bottom: Lower depth of the extracted soil sample
X: Obfuscated geocoordinate
Y: Obfuscated geocoordinate

Salinity Survey Identifiers (DATASET)

The DATASET label in each file indicates the survey or field campaign from which the data are taken.

DATASET_1. Survey of the Broadview Water District in California performed by Corwin and co-workers in 1991 (Corwin et al, 1999). Data include: (i.) ECe and SP determinations on 1,889 soil samples (depths) from 315 soil cores (locations) and (ii.) 2613 ECa (EMv and EMh) field measurements. Data from this survey have been used previously for interpreting the spatial variability of soil salinity at the regional scale (Corwin, 2005).

DATASET_2. Survey of Coachella Valley, California farmland conducted between 2005 and 2008 and led by the Coachella Water District. Data consist of: (i.) ECe and SP determinations on 2,088 samples from 476 soil cores and (ii.) 133,037 ECa (EMv and EMh) measurements across the Coachella Valley. This dataset has been used in previous work for validating linear approaches to regional-scale ECa and ECe calibration (Corwin and Lesch, 2014).

DATASET_3. Survey led by Singh and colleagues across four fields in western San Joaquin Valley for the purpose of assessing environmental risk associated with saline drainage (Singh et al,. 2020). Data include: (i.) ECe and SP determinations on 1,080 samples from 273 soil cores and (ii.) 36,236 ECa (EMv and EMh) field measurements.

DATASET_4. Soil salinity survey led by USDA-ARS U.S. Salinity Laboratory between 2012 and 2013. The survey covered 21 fields in San Joaquin Valley, California. Data consist of: (i.) ECe and SP determinations on 1,634 samples from 180 soil cores and (ii.) 63,225 ECa (EMv and EMh) field measurements. These data were used previously for large scale soil salinity assessments and is described in detail by Scudiero et al. (2014).

DATASET_5. Data from surveys of 6 miscellaneous fields in California led by the USDA-ARS U.S. Salinity Laboratory. Data consist of: (i.) 244 determinations of ECe and SP on samples taken from 62 soil cores and (ii.) 62 corresponding ECa (EMv and EMh) field measurements.

DATASET_6. Soil salinity surveys led by the USDA-ARS U.S. Salinity Laboratory between 1999 and 2012. One field in southern San Joaquin Valley was assessed several times over many years. Data consist of: (i.) ECe and SP determinations on 1,640 samples from 239 soil cores and (ii.) 42,458 ECa (EMv and EMh) field measurements. These data have been used in previous works focusing on long-term and short-term monitoring and mapping of the spatial and temporal variability of soil salinity (Corwin, 2008, Corwin, 2012, Scudiero et al., 2017).


Corwin, D.L. (2005). Geospatial Measurement of Apparent Soil Electrical Conductivity for Characterizing Soil Spatial Variability. doi: 10.1201/9781420032086.ch18.

Corwin, D.L. (2008). Past, present, and future trends of soil electrical conductivity measurement using geophysical methods. Handbook of Agricultural Geophysics, CRC Press.

Corwin, D.L. (2012). Field-scale monitoring of the long-term impact and sustainability of drainage water reuse on the west side of California's San Joaquin Valley. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 14(6), 1576-1596. doi: 10.1039/c2em10796a.

Corwin, D.L., Carrillo, M.L.K., Vaughan, P.J., Rhoades, J.D., Cone, D.G. (1999). Evaluation of a GIS-linked model of salt loading to groundwater. Journal of Environmental Quality 28(2), 471-480. doi: 10.2134/jeq1999.00472425002800020012x.

Corwin, D.L., Lesch, S. (2014). A simplified regional-scale electromagnetic induction: Salinity calibration model using ANOCOVA modeling techniques. Geoderma. s 230-231. 288-295. 10.1016/j.geoderma.2014.03.019.

Scudiero, E., Skaggs, T., Corwin, D.L. (2014). Regional Scale Soil Salinity Evaluation Using Landsat 7, Western San Joaquin Valley, California, USA. Geoderma Regional. 2-3. 82-90. 10.1016/j.geodrs.2014.10.004.

Scudiero, E., Skaggs, T. H., Corwin, D. L. (2017). Simplifying field-scale assessment of spatiotemporal changes of soil salinity. Sci. Total Environ., 587–588:273–281. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.02.136.

Singh, A., Quinn, N.W.T., Benes, S.E., Cassel, F. (2020). Policy-Driven Sustainable Saline Drainage Disposal and Forage Production in the Western San Joaquin Valley of California. Sustainability 12(16), 6362.

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Additional Information

filesize719.19 KB
resource typefile upload
timestampJul 18, 2022