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Homalodisca vitripennis Genome Assembly 1.0

glassy-winged sharpshooter (Homalodisca vitripennis)

The Baylor College of Medicine recently sequenced and annotated the Homalodisca vitripennis genome as part of the i5k pilot project.

The Glassy-winged sharpshooter, GWSS, (Homalodisca vitripennis) [Hemiptera: Cicadellidae], occurs naturally within the southern United States. Once restricted to the southeastern states, it was accidentally spread across the south into California. The GWSS is a voracious feeder, and can fly long distances, preferring to feed upon cultivated crops, ie. Grapevine, fruit trees, and in the nymphal stages many weeds and grasses.

The GWSS is a serious threat to the viticulture industry as the primary vector of the plant-infecting bacterium, Xylella fastidiosa, Xf. The GWSS feeds on a diverse number of plants, during which the bacteria can infect many tree fruit, nut, vine, and woody ornamental crops.

Glassy-winged Sharpshooter adults are ½ inch (13mm) long being fairly large for the Sharpshooter leafhopper family of insects. Sharpshooters use an ovipositor to lay eggs inside of the underside of leaves. The Sharpshooter will lay its eggs on almost any plant including cactus. The egg masses are usually composed of 10-20 eggs, but can lay more or as few as 1. Most of the egg masses have a waxy coating of brocosomes around the eggs for protection. The nymphs (5 instars) do not have wings, but develop wing pads in the 5th instar and are generally smaller than the adults, ranging in size from .07 inches (2 mm) to nearly ½ inch (13mm) long. The nymphs have very distinct red eyes. The Sharpshooter can consume about 300 times its own weight in fluids from the xylem vessels of the plants upon which it feeds, thus producing copious amounts of excreta fluid.

This dataset presents the Homalodisca vitripennis genome v1.0. This assembly version is the pre-release version, prior to filtering and quality control by the National Center for Biotechnology Information's GenBank resource (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/assembly/GCA_000696855.1). Assembly method details will be available in a forthcoming publication.

If you wish to use this dataset, please follow the Baylor College of Medicine's conditions for data use: https://www.hgsc.bcm.edu/bcm-hgsc-conditions-use

Dataset Info

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Hunter, Wayne B.
Murali, Shwetha C.
Bandaranaike, D.
Hernandez, B.
Chao, Hsu
Dinh, Huyen
Doddapaneni, Harshavardhan
Dugan-Perez, Shannon
Elkadiri, S.
Gnanaolivu, R.D.
Javaid, Mehwish
Jayaseelan, Joy C.
Lee, Sandra L.
Li, Mingmei
Ming, W.
Munidasa, Mala
Muniz, J.
Nguyen, L.
Ongeri, Fiona
Osuji, N.
Pu, Ling-Ling
Puazo, M.
Qu, C.
Quiroz, J.
Raj, R.
Weissenberger, George
Xin, Y.
Zou, Xiaoyan
Han, Yi
Richards, Stephen
Worley, Kim C.
Johnson, Shannon
Product Type
Genome/Genetics Data
Intended Use
This dataset consist on a first draft genome assembly of the glassy-winged sharpshooter Homalodisca vitripennis, and it is shared with the community as a resource for basic and applied research on this and other species. The data is provided “as is”, and users assume full responsibility for their use.
Use Limitations
Genome sequencing project description and usage terms and limitations can be found at https://i5k.nal.usda.gov/Homalodisca_vitripennis
Ag Data Commons
Contact Name
Hunter, Wayne
Contact Email
Public Access Level
Related Content
Funding Source(s)
National Human Genome Research Institute
U54 HG003273
Dataset DOI (digital object identifier)
Program Code
005:037 - Department of Agriculture - Research and Education
Bureau Code
005:18 - Agricultural Research Service
Modified Date
Release Date
Ag Data Commons Keywords: 
  • Genomics & Genetics
  • Genomics & Genetics
  • Genome
  • Genomics & Genetics
  • Genome
  • Genome assembly
ISO Topic(s):