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Product System Model of United States Poultry Production 2010

This product system represents the poultry meat produced for human consumption as a result of producing one broiler. Both types of live weight poultry are at the farm gate, ready for transport to the processing plant, although not necessarily at the same farm. It includes the fraction of a spent hen attributable to the production of one broiler.

Product system boundaries include all material and energy flows associated with crop production and live poultry operations, including the handling and disposal of mortalities and manure. Inventory flows began with one day old baby chicks in the grandparent generation, continued through the parent generation, and ended with live market-weight broilers and culled hens ready for transport to processing at the farm gate. Where applicable, the recommendations of the Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership were followed, which provided guidelines for assessing the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and fossil energy use from poultry (LEAP, 2015a) and animal feed supply chains (LEAP, 2015b).

Dataset Info

These fields are compatible with DCAT, an RDF vocabulary designed to facilitate interoperability between data catalogs published on the Web.
Putman, Ben
Thoma, Greg
Burek, Jasmina
Matlock, Marty
Product Type
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location
The LCI in this product system approximates the national average of poultry production in the United States
Temporal Coverage
Equipment or Software Used
Intended Use
This data set was developed for use in Situation C2: Accounting, excluding interactions with other systems (ILCD Handbook). The data set was designed for Life Cycle Impact Modeling with Tool for Reduction and Assessment of Chemical and other Environmental Impacts (TRACI) 2.1. Impacts were modeled for global warming potential, acidification, eutrophication, fossil energy use, water depletion, and agricultural land occupation.
Use Limitations
These data were developed as part of a retrospective analysis of U.S. poultry production. They represent United States production in 2010. It is not appropriate for the user to assume different market weights when using this dataset.
Ag Data Commons
Contact Name
Thoma, Greg
Contact Email
Public Access Level
Preferred Dataset Citation
Ben Putman, Greg Thoma, Jasmina Burek, Marty Matlock, Product System for United States Poultry Production 2010, United States Department of Agriculture Ag Data Commons, 2017.
Primary Article

Putman, B., Thoma, G., Burek, J., & Matlock, M. (2017). A retrospective analysis of the United States poultry industry: 1965 compared with 2010. Agricultural Systems, 157, 107-117.

Related Article

Sandefur, H.N. et al. (2016). Development of Life Cycle Inventory data for U.S. Swine Production Scenarios. Dataset Documentation and User's Guide, Version 2. University of Arkansas Office for Sustainability 2016

Thoma G, Popp J, Nutter DW, et al. (2013) Greenhouse gas emissions from milk production and consumption in the United States: A cradle-to-grave life cycle assessment circa 2008. Int Dairy J 31:S3–S14. 2013

Cites Other Datasets
USDA-ARS-NAL LCA Commons Staff
Funding Source(s)
U.S. Poultry and Egg Association
Dataset DOI (digital object identifier)
Modified Date
Release Date
Ag Data Commons Keywords: 
  • Animals & Livestock
  • Animals & Livestock
  • Life Cycle Assessment
  • Agricultural Products
  • Animals
  • Agricultural Products
  • Agricultural Products
  • Animals
  • Meat
  • Agricultural Products
  • Animals
  • Meat
  • Poultry
State or Territory: 
ISO Topic(s):