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Data Extent

Soil Water Content Data for The Bushland, Texas, Winter Wheat Experiments

[NOTE - 2022-09-07: this dataset is superseded by an updated version https://doi.org/10.15482/USDA.ADC/1526332 ]

This dataset contains soil water content data developed from neutron probe readings taken in access tubes in two of the four large, precision weighing lysimeters and in the fields surrounding each lysimeter that were planted to winter wheat at the USDA-ARS Conservation and Production Laboratory (CPRL), Soil and Water Management Research Unit (SWMRU), Bushland, Texas (Lat. 35.186714°, Long. -102.094189°, elevation 1170 m above MSL) beginning in 1989. Data in each spreadsheet are for one winter wheat growing season, either 1989-1990, 1991-1992, or 1992-1993. Other readings taken in those years for other crops are reported elsewhere. Data for the 1989-1990 season and the 1992-1993 season are from the northwest (NW) and southwest (SW) weighing lysimeters and surrounding fields. Data for the 1991-1992 season are from the northeast (NE) and southeast (SE) weighing lysimeters and surrounding fields. Readings were taken periodically with a field-calibrated neutron probe at depths from 10 cm to 230 cm (maximum of 190 cm depth in the lysimeters) in 20-cm depth increments. Periods between readings were typically one to two weeks, sometimes longer according to experimental design and need for data. Field calibrations in the Pullman soil series were done every few years. Calibrations typically produced a regression equation with RMSE <= 0.01 m3 m-3 (e.g., Evett and Steiner, 1995). Data were used to guide irrigation scheduling to achieve full or deficit irrigation as required by the experimental design. Data may be used to calculate the soil profile water content in mm of water from the surface to the maximum depth of reading. Profile water content differences between reading times in the same access tube are considered the change in soil water storage during the period in question and may be used to compute evapotranspiration (ET) using the soil water balance equation: ET = (change in storage + P + I + F + R, where P is precipitation during the period, I is irrigation during the period, F is soil water flux (drainage) out of the bottom of the soil profile during the period, and R is the sum of runon and runoff during the period. Typically, R is taken as zero because the fields were furrow diked to prevent runon and runoff during most of each growing season.

Release Date
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Area
POLYGON ((-102.09906463948 35.191719970106, -102.07671433134 35.19121493622, -102.07678299485 35.1865853205, -102.07609634934 35.177044674547, -102.09913330298 35.177072738625))
Ag Data Commons
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location
Bushland, Texas
Temporal Coverage
January 1, 1989 to December 31, 1993
Contact Name
Evett, Steven R.
Contact Email
Public Access Level
Program Code
005:040 - Department of Agriculture - National Research
Bureau Code
005:18 - Agricultural Research Service