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Unit process data for bio-jet fuel production from poplar biomass via bioconversion at a biorefinery

A partial Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is conducted to investigate the life cycle impacts of a biorefinery designed to convert poplar tree chips into jet fuel via fermentation and subsequent hydrogenation. The goal of producing jet fuel from Populus (poplar) trees (bio-jet) is to create an alternative to petroleum based jet fuel (petro-jet). Currently no jet fuel producing biorefineries are in commercial operation and the results of this LCA will be used to assess a potential environmental impact that could result from scaling up the proposed system. Work is part of the Advanced Hardwood Biofuels Northwest project. The LCA does not include any proprietary information and is suitable for release to the public domain. Life cycle inventory assessment and conclusion are not included in this document.

The biorefinery in this LCA is assumed be located somewhere in the continental U.S and will produce jet fuel similar to Jet-A fuel with a high heating value (HHV) of 45.5 mega joule (MJ) / kilogram (kg) and a density of 0.820 kg/ liters (L). The biorefinery is designed to operate using 3200 bonne dry tonnes (BDt) of poplar chips per day (1.1 million BDt/yr). It is predicted to produce 300 L/ BDt (380 million L per year) of bio-jet fuel per year. The biorefinery is simulated in ASPEN-Plus v.2004.1chemical engineering software (Aspen Technology Inc., 2005). The LCA work is performed using SimaPro v.8.0 LCA software (Pre Consultants, 2012).

Dataset Info

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FieldValue
Authors
Budsberg, Erik
Crawford, Jordan
Morgan, Hannah
Chin, Wei Shan
Bura, Renata
Gustafson, Rick
Product Type
Dataset
Temporal Coverage
2015
Equipment or Software Used
Intended Use
Unit process of a biorefinery designed to convert poplar tree chips into jet fuel via fermentation and subsequent hydrogenation. The goal of producing jet fuel from Populus (poplar) trees (bio-jet) is to create an alternative to petroleum based jet fuel. Currently no jet fuel producing biorefineries are in commercial operation and the results of this LCA will be used to assess a potential environmental impact that could result from scaling up the proposed system. The LCA does not include any proprietary information and is suitable for release to the public domain. The included information does not take into account changes in production of goods/services that would result from the manufacturing of aviation fuel from poplar biomass. According to ILCD handbook the included information is identified as a C1 (accounting) study.
Publisher
Ag Data Commons
Contact Name
Gustafson, Rick
Contact Email
Public Access Level
Public
Preferred Dataset Citation
Budsberg et. al. "Unit process data for bio-jet fuel production from poplar biomass via bioconversion at a biorefinery," University of Washington Biofuels and Bioproducts Laboratory, 2015
Related Article

Crawford, J., Shan, C., Budsberg, E., Morgan, H., Bura, R., & Gustafson, R. (2016). Hydrocarbon bio-jet fuel from bioconversion of poplar biomass: techno-economic assessment. Biotechnology For Biofuels, 9(1).

AgID: 5486547
License
Reviewer
USDA-ARS-NAL LCA Commons Staff
Funding Source(s)
National Institute of Food and Agriculture
2011-68005-30407
Dataset DOI (digital object identifier)
10.15482/USDA.ADC/1410530
Modified Date
2017-12-12
Release Date
2016-07-27
Ag Data Commons Keywords: 
  • Bioenergy
  • Bioenergy
  • Cellulose
  • Plants & Crops
  • Plants & Crops
  • Life Cycle Assessment
State or Territory: 
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