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U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Pomological Watercolor Collection

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Pomological Watercolor Collection

The USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection is a collection of original watercolors, lithographs, and photographs documenting fruit and nut varieties developed by growers, including USDA plant explorers, around the turn of the 20th century. Technically accurate paintings were used to create lithographs illustrating USDA bulletins, yearbooks, and other series distributed to growers and gardeners across America.

Coverage: 1886 to 1942, with the majority created between 1894 and 1916.

The collection contains 7,584 watercolor paintings, lithographs and line drawings, including 3,807 images of apples. The plant specimens illustrated originated in 29 countries and 51 states and territories in the U.S.

The paintings were created by approximately twenty-one artists commissioned by USDA for this purpose. Some works are not signed.

Release Date
National Agricultural Library - ARS - USDA
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location
29 countries and 51 states and territories in the U.S.
Temporal Coverage
January 1, 1886 to December 31, 1942
Contact Name
Lee, Sara
Contact Email
Public Access Level
Program Code
005:040 - Department of Agriculture - National Research
Bureau Code
005:18 - Agricultural Research Service