U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

The Ag Data Commons is migrating

The Ag Data Commons is migrating to a new institutional portal on Figshare. The current system is available for search and download only. The new platform is open for submission with assistance from Ag Data Commons curators. Please contact NAL-ADC-Curator@usda.gov, if you need to publish or update your datasets.

Other Access

The information on this page (the dataset metadata) is also available in these formats:


via the DKAN API

Data Extent

White-tailed deer density estimates across the eastern United States, 2008

map of white-tailed deer estimates

In 2008, the Quality Deer Management Association (QDMA) developed a map of white-tailed deer density with information obtained from state wildlife agencies. The map contains information from 2001 to 2005, with noticeable changes since the development of the first deer density map made by QDMA in 2001. The University of Minnesota, Forest Ecosystem Health Lab and the US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service-Northern Research Station have digitized the deer density map to provide information on the status and trends of forest health across the eastern United States.

The QDMA spatial map depicting deer density (deer per square mile) was digitized across the eastern United States. Estimates of deer density were: White = rare, absent, or urban area with unknown population, Green = less than 15 deer per square mile, Yellow = 15 to 30 deer per square mile, Orange = 30 to 40 deer per square mile, or Red = greater than 45 deer per square mile. These categories represent coarse deer density levels as identified in the QDMA report in 2009 and should not be used to represent current or future deer densities across the study region.

Sponsorship: Quality Deer Management Association; US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service-Northern Research Station; Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station.

Release Date
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Area
POLYGON ((-97.79296785593 49.08969639239, -93.39843660593 28.528552436928, -89.35546785593 29.604028198331, -84.7265625 29.840643899834, -83.3203125 28.921631282421, -81.26953035593 24.599077513253, -80.068359375 25.562265014427, -79.33593660593 26.50203882611, -81.09374910593 30.970072870503, -75.29296785593 35.668007004069, -74.00390625 39.504040705584, -69.873046875 41.640078384679, -70.048828125 43.389081939117, -67.03124910593 45.3922778262, -67.91015535593 47.57059587168, -82.49999910593 42.481820059448, -84.60937410593 46.974255311628, -88.30078035593 48.627099373266))
University of Minnesota
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location
Eastern United States
Temporal Coverage
January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2005
Contact Name
Russell, Matthew B.
Contact Email
Public Access Level