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Ag Data Commons Maintenance - Monday 03/01/2021

The Ag Data Commons technical team needs to apply security updates to the system. This maintenance will take place on Monday, March 1, 2021, between 7:00 am ET and 12:00 pm ET. The website and application may experience brief, intermittent outages during this period. Avoid adding or editing datasets during this period to prevent losing information. A message will be sent to the Ag Data Commons registered users once all maintenance is complete.

Updated Bottom Up Solution for Triacylglycerols

    This Microsoft Excel workbook (2.712 Mb) contains spreadsheets that implement the Updated Bottom Up Solution for Triacylglycerols that allows Critical Ratios that provide structural information from mass spectrometry to be used to reconstitute the original mass spectra from which they came. It contains spreadsheets that use the non-nested equations (Critical Limits explicitly shown), as well as spreadsheets that used the nested equations (Case determinations made with Critical Limits not explicitly shown).

    Quantification of TAGs by LC-MS

      This Microsoft Excel workbook contains spreadsheets for calculating response-factor normalized triacylglycerol (TAG) compositions from response factors derived from GC-FID of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME). This workbook (1.160 Mb) reads the output from a ThermoScientific XCalibur Quan Browser •Excel Short Report• (In XCalibur: File • Export data to Excel • Export Short Excel report), and requires input of the FA composition determined by GC-FID (manually entered or read from Excel spreadsheet [provided upon request]).

      Isotope-corrected Critical Ratio calculations

        This Microsoft Excel workbook (168.259 Mb) calculates Critical Ratios for triacylglycerols based on manually entered mass spectra, with isotope correction by isotope patterns calculated at www.ChemCalc.org. Average mass spectra across integrated peaks are manually entered according to the instructions in the Supplementary Material to the publication 'The Updated Bottom Up Solution for Mass Spectrometry of Soybean Oil in a Dietary Supplement Gelcap".

        Data from: Chondroitin sulfate disaccharides modified the structure and function of the murine gut microbiome under healthy and stressed conditions

          Chondroitin sulfate (CS) has been widely used for medical and nutraceutical purposes due to its roles in maintaining tissue structural integrity. We investigated if CS disaccharides may act as a bioactive compound and modulate gut microbial composition in mice. Our data show that CS disaccharides supplementation for 16 days significantly reduced blood LPS in the mice experiencing exhaustive exercise stress. CS disaccharides partially restored total fecal short-chain fatty acids from the level significantly repressed in mice under the stress. Our findings demonstrated that CS was likely butyrogenic and resulted in a significant increase in fecal butyrate concentration. CS disaccharides had a profound impact on gut microbial composition, affecting the abundance of 13.6% and 7.3% Operational Taxonomic Units in fecal microbial communities in healthy and stressed mice, respectively. CS disaccharides reduced the prevalence of inflammatory Proteobacteria. Together, our findings demonstrated that CS may ameliorate stress-induced intestinal inflammation. Furthermore, CS significantly increased intestinal *Bacteroides acidifaciens* population, indirectly exerting its immunomodulatory effect on the intestine. CS disaccharides had a significant impact on a broad range of biological pathways under stressed condition, such as ABC transporters, two-component systems, and carbohydrate metabolism. Our results will facilitate the development of CS as a bioactive nutraceutical.

          Research, Education, and Economics Information System (REEIS)

            The Research, Education, and Economics Information System (REEIS) is a source of information on the research, education and extension programs, projects and activities of the U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), the USDA Forest Service, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service, the U. S. Patent and Trademark Office, U. S. Census Bureau, and the U. S. National Science Foundation. The system enables users to measure the impact and effectiveness of research, extension and education programs based on data related to agricultural research; forestry research; students, faculty and degrees related to agriculture; USDA partner institution snapshots; Food and nutrition research; 4-H programs; and agricultural snapshots of each state. Internet links to related agencies, institutions, and data bases are also included.

            USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Legacy Release

              The USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR) is the major source of food composition data in the United States and provides the foundation for most food composition databases in the public and private sectors. This is the last release of the database in its current format. SR-Legacy will continue its preeminent role as a stand-alone food composition resource and will be available in the new modernized system currently under development. SR-Legacy contains data on 7,793 food items and up to 150 food components that were reported in SR28 (2015), with selected corrections and updates. This release supersedes all previous releases.

              Summer Food Service Program (SFSP)

                For researchers and application developers who want to utilize Summer meal site data, FNS provides an option to download a CSV (Comma Separated Values) file and also connect directly to an API (Application Program Interface) of the site.

                Sodium Monitoring Dataset

                  The Agricultural Research Service of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) in collaboration with other government agencies has a program to track changes in the sodium content of commercially processed and restaurant foods. Results of these monitoring activities are shared once a year in the [Sodium Monitoring Dataset](https://www.ars.usda.gov/ARSUserFiles/80400525/Sodium/Copy%20of%20SodiumMonitoringDatasetUpdatedJuly2616.xlsx) and [USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference](https://www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=8964) and once every two years in the [Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies](https://www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=12068).