Data from: Soil organic carbon and isotope composition response to topography and erosion in Iowa

The dataset includes topographic information, soil properties, and 137Cs levels collected from a 15 ha cropland under soybean/maize (C3/C4) rotation in June 2002. The cropland is located in the central-western part of the Walnut Creek watershed, Story County, Iowa. 128 sampling locations were collected and three soil samples were obtained using a 3.2 cm-diameter push probe from the 0 to 30 cm soil layer within a 1 m × 1 m quadrat at each sampling location. Deeper soil samples were collected from 30 to 50 cm layers in locations where sediment deposition was observed. The three samples from each sampling location were mixed and analyzed to determine soil properties, SOC content and its carbon (C) isotope composition (C12 to C13 ratio), and 137Cs levels. For landscape topography of each sampling location, topographic metrics were derived from a digital elevation mode using LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) data. These data are useful in investigating the fate of eroded SOC in croplands and its responses to landscape topography.

Agroecosystems & Environment

MaizeGDB

MaizeGDB is a community-oriented, long-term, federally funded informatics service to researchers focused on the crop plant and model organism Zea mays. Genomic, genetic, sequence, germplasm, gene product, metabolic pathways, functional characterization, literature reference, diversity, and expression are among the datatypes stored at MaizeGDB. At the project's website are custom interfaces enabling researchers to browse data and to seek out specific information matching explicit search criteria. First released in 1991 with the name MaizeDB, the Maize Genetics and Genomics Database, now MaizeGDB (since 2003), is funded, developed, and hosted by the USDA-ARS located at Ames, Iowa.

Genomics and Genetics

Feedstock Readiness Level (FSRL) evaluation: Triticum aestivum (wheat straw), Alcohol-to-Jet, Central East, May 2017

Feedstock readiness level evaluations are performed for a specific feedstock-conversion process combination and for a particular region. FSRL evaluations complement evaluations of Fuel Readiness Level (FRL) and environmental progress. The data from this evaluation, compiled in May 2017, assesses the maturity of Triticum aestivum (wheat straw), as a feedstock for the Alcohol-to-Jet conversion process in the United States Central East region.

Farm2fly Program

Measured Annual Nutrient loads from AGricultural Environments (MANAGE) database

The MANAGE (Measured Annual Nutrient loads from AGricultural Environments) database was developed to be a readily-accessible, easily-queried database of site characteristic and field-scale nutrient export data. Initial funding for MANAGE was provided by USDA-ARS to support the USDA Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP) and the Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board as part of their mission to understand and mitigate agricultural impacts on water quality. MANAGE contains data from a vast majority of published peer-reviewed N and P export studies on homogeneous cultivated, pasture/range, and forested land uses in the US under natural rainfall-runoff conditions, as well as artificially drained agricultural land. Thus MANAGE facilitates expanded spatial analyses and improved understanding of regional differences, management practice effectiveness, and impacts of land use conversions and management techniques, and it provides valuable data for modeling and decision-making related to agricultural runoff.

Agroecosystems & Environment

REAP (Resilient Economic Agricultural Practices)

REAP (Resilient Economic Agricultural Practices), formerly known as the Renewable Energy Assessment Project, was initially organized to quantitatively assess the impacts of crop residue (e.g., corn stover) on soil properties. The project's current vision is to revitalize soil health and resiliency, thereby enabling soil resources to meet expanding societal demands while safe-guarding planetary health. Goals include 1) Identifying physical, chemical, or biological parameters and index tools that quantify management effects on carbon sequestration and soil health; 2) Conducting coordinated, quantitative multi-location comparisons of business as usual vs. improved management practices designed to enhance nutrient use efficiency and soil health; 3) Identification of critical indicators and index tools to quantify site-specific soil health and water quality effects; 4) Developing, expanding, and coordinating among ARS teams providing data and databases needed to sustainably supply cellulosic-based bioenergy feedstock and other national natural resource and agricultural challenges.

Agroecosystems & Environment

Feedstock Readiness Level (FSRL) evaluation: Herbaceous perennial grasses, Alcohol-to-Jet, Central East, Mar. 2017

Feedstock readiness level evaluations are performed for a specific feedstock-conversion process combination and for a particular region. FSRL evaluations complement evaluations of Fuel Readiness Level (FRL) and environmental progress. The data from this evaluation, compiled in March 2017, assesses the maturity of Panicum virgatum, Andropogon gerardii and Sorghastrum nutans, as a feedstock for the Alcohol-to-Jet conversion process in the United States Central East region.

Farm2fly Program

Feedstock Readiness Level (FSRL) evaluation: Zea mays (corn stover), Alcohol-to-Jet, Central East, Mar. 2017

Feedstock readiness level evaluations are performed for a specific feedstock-conversion process combination and for a particular region. FSRL evaluations complement evaluations of Fuel Readiness Level (FRL) and environmental progress. The data from this evaluation, compiled in March 2017, assesses the maturity of Zea mays (corn stover) as a feedstock for the Alcohol-to-Jet conversion process in the United States Central East region.

Farm2fly Program

Feedstock Readiness Level (FSRL) evaluation: Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem), Alcohol-to-Jet, Central East, Mar. 2017

Feedstock readiness level evaluations are performed for a specific feedstock-conversion process combination and for a particular region. FSRL evaluations complement evaluations of Fuel Readiness Level (FRL) and environmental progress. The data from this evaluation, compiled in March 2017, assesses the maturity of Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem) as a feedstock for the Alcohol-to-Jet conversion process in the United States Central East region.

Farm2fly Program

Feedstock Readiness Level (FSRL) evaluation: Sorghum bicolor (sweet sorghum), Alcohol-to-Jet, Central East, Mar. 2017

Feedstock readiness level evaluations are performed for a specific feedstock-conversion process combination and for a particular region. FSRL evaluations complement evaluations of Fuel Readiness Level (FRL) and environmental progress. The data from this evaluation, compiled in March 2017, assesses the maturity of Sorghum bicolor (sweet sorghum) as a feedstock for the Alcohol-to-Jet conversion process in the United States Central East region.

Farm2fly Program

Feedstock Readiness Level (FSRL) evaluation: Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), Alcohol-to-Jet, Central East, Mar. 2017

Feedstock readiness level evaluations are performed for a specific feedstock-conversion process combination and for a particular region. FSRL evaluations complement evaluations of Fuel Readiness Level (FRL) and environmental progress. The data from this evaluation, compiled in March 2017, assesses the maturity of Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), as a feedstock for the Alcohol-to-Jet conversion process in the United States Central East region.

Farm2fly Program