Genome analysis of the ubiquitous boxwood pathogen Pseudonectria foliicola: A small fungal genome with an increased cohort of genes associated with loss of virulence

Boxwood plants are affected by many different diseases caused by fungi. Some boxwood diseases are deadly and quickly kill the infected plants, but with others, the plant can survive and even thrive when infected. The fungus that causes volutella blight is the most common of these weak boxwood pathogens. Even the healthiest boxwood plants are infected by the volutella fungus, and often there are no signs that the plants are hurt by the infection. In order to understand why the volutella blight fungus is such a weak pathogen and to understand the genetic mechanisms it uses to interact with boxwood, the complete genome of the volutella fungus was sequenced and characterized. These datasets are generated from the genome sequence of Pseudonectria foliicola, strain ATCC13545, the fungus responsible for volutella disease of boxwood. Datasets include the nuclear genome and mitochondrial genome assemblies (sequenced using Illumina technology), the predicted gene model dataset generated using MAKER, the multiple sequence alignment of single-copy orthologs used for phylogenetic analysis, CMAP files generated from SimpleSynteny analysis of mitogenomes, and high quality photographic images.

Genomics and Genetics

Feedstock Readiness Level (FSRL) evaluation: Triticum aestivum (wheat straw), Alcohol-to-Jet, Central East, May 2017

Feedstock readiness level evaluations are performed for a specific feedstock-conversion process combination and for a particular region. FSRL evaluations complement evaluations of Fuel Readiness Level (FRL) and environmental progress. The data from this evaluation, compiled in May 2017, assesses the maturity of Triticum aestivum (wheat straw), as a feedstock for the Alcohol-to-Jet conversion process in the United States Central East region.

Farm2fly Program

Measured Annual Nutrient loads from AGricultural Environments (MANAGE) database

The MANAGE (Measured Annual Nutrient loads from AGricultural Environments) database was developed to be a readily-accessible, easily-queried database of site characteristic and field-scale nutrient export data. Initial funding for MANAGE was provided by USDA-ARS to support the USDA Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP) and the Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board as part of their mission to understand and mitigate agricultural impacts on water quality. MANAGE contains data from a vast majority of published peer-reviewed N and P export studies on homogeneous cultivated, pasture/range, and forested land uses in the US under natural rainfall-runoff conditions, as well as artificially drained agricultural land. Thus MANAGE facilitates expanded spatial analyses and improved understanding of regional differences, management practice effectiveness, and impacts of land use conversions and management techniques, and it provides valuable data for modeling and decision-making related to agricultural runoff.

Agroecosystems & Environment

Feedstock Readiness Level (FSRL) evaluation: Herbaceous perennial grasses, Alcohol-to-Jet, Central East, Mar. 2017

Feedstock readiness level evaluations are performed for a specific feedstock-conversion process combination and for a particular region. FSRL evaluations complement evaluations of Fuel Readiness Level (FRL) and environmental progress. The data from this evaluation, compiled in March 2017, assesses the maturity of Panicum virgatum, Andropogon gerardii and Sorghastrum nutans, as a feedstock for the Alcohol-to-Jet conversion process in the United States Central East region.

Farm2fly Program

Feedstock Readiness Level (FSRL) evaluation: Zea mays (corn stover), Alcohol-to-Jet, Central East, Mar. 2017

Feedstock readiness level evaluations are performed for a specific feedstock-conversion process combination and for a particular region. FSRL evaluations complement evaluations of Fuel Readiness Level (FRL) and environmental progress. The data from this evaluation, compiled in March 2017, assesses the maturity of Zea mays (corn stover) as a feedstock for the Alcohol-to-Jet conversion process in the United States Central East region.

Farm2fly Program

Feedstock Readiness Level (FSRL) evaluation: Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem), Alcohol-to-Jet, Central East, Mar. 2017

Feedstock readiness level evaluations are performed for a specific feedstock-conversion process combination and for a particular region. FSRL evaluations complement evaluations of Fuel Readiness Level (FRL) and environmental progress. The data from this evaluation, compiled in March 2017, assesses the maturity of Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem) as a feedstock for the Alcohol-to-Jet conversion process in the United States Central East region.

Farm2fly Program

Feedstock Readiness Level (FSRL) evaluation: Sorghum bicolor (sweet sorghum), Alcohol-to-Jet, Central East, Mar. 2017

Feedstock readiness level evaluations are performed for a specific feedstock-conversion process combination and for a particular region. FSRL evaluations complement evaluations of Fuel Readiness Level (FRL) and environmental progress. The data from this evaluation, compiled in March 2017, assesses the maturity of Sorghum bicolor (sweet sorghum) as a feedstock for the Alcohol-to-Jet conversion process in the United States Central East region.

Farm2fly Program

Feedstock Readiness Level (FSRL) evaluation: Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), Alcohol-to-Jet, Central East, Mar. 2017

Feedstock readiness level evaluations are performed for a specific feedstock-conversion process combination and for a particular region. FSRL evaluations complement evaluations of Fuel Readiness Level (FRL) and environmental progress. The data from this evaluation, compiled in March 2017, assesses the maturity of Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), as a feedstock for the Alcohol-to-Jet conversion process in the United States Central East region.

Farm2fly Program

Pesticide Data Program

The Pesticide Data Program (PDP) is a national pesticide residue database program. Through cooperation with State agriculture departments and other Federal agencies, PDP manages the collection, analysis, data entry, and reporting of pesticide residues on agricultural commodities in the U.S. food supply, with an emphasis on those commodities highly consumed by infants and children. This data set provides information on where samples were taken for pesticide residue, where the product came from, what type of product it was, and what residue was found on the product, for calendar years 1992 through 2015.

Plants and Crops