Long Term Agroecosystem Research Overview
The LTAR network represents a range of major U.S. agroecosystems, including annual row cropping systems, grazinglands, and integrated systems representative of roughly 49 percent of cereal production, 30 percent of forage production, and 32 percent of livestock production in the United States. Furthermore, the LTAR sites span geographic and climatic gradients representing a variety of challenges and opportunities to U.S. agriculture.
The LTAR network uses experimentation and coordinated observations to develop a national roadmap for the sustainable intensification of agricultural production. While the LTAR network is a new network, experimentation and measurements began at some LTAR sites more than 100 years ago, while other locations started their research as recently as 19 years ago.
A primary goal of LTAR is to develop and to share science-based findings with producers and stakeholders. Tools, technologies, and management practices resulting from LTAR network science will be applied to the sustainable intensification of U.S. agriculture. Technical innovations, including new production techniques, genetics, and sensor infrastructure applied at the farm/ranch level can increase the capacity for adaptive management, reduce time and operational costs, and increase profits and the quality of life for producers.
For full list of LTAR sites, view the sites matrix at https://ltar.ars.usda.gov/sites/.
For more information about the LTAR network visit: https://ltar.ars.usda.gov
LTAR Research Sites
Data from the following LTAR sites are presented. They are related to topics such as agricultural sustainability, climate change, ecosystem services, and natural resource conservation at the watershed or landscape scale.
In 1933 and 1935, two transects were established in the Natural Revegetation Exclosure and Pasture 8b, respectively, to measure long-term soil movement in areas undergoing mesquite invasion.
Phenocam images overlooking miscanthus field.
Phenocam images overlooking row crop field.
The Effects of Changing Vegetative Composition on the Abundance, Species Diversity and Activity of Birds in the Chihuahuan Desert
A variety of mechanisms, both anthropogenic and natural, can lead to changes in the vegetation composition of a community. In semi- desert grasslands, for example, Schlesinger et al.
Objectives. Desertification is hypothesized to have altered the spatial and temporal availability of resources required by the biota. Results of desertification on the Jornada include changes to shrub dominated communities and major soil changes.
Biomass of annual and perennial forbs and grasses was obtained from a one meter quad selected at random just downslope from each of the 6 5-meter segments of the 30 meter plant line intercepts located perpendicular to the transect station marker.