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Data from: Long-Distance Transportation Causes Temperature Stress in the Honey Bee, Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

    To test how temperature may contribute to bee (*Apis mellifera*) transportation stress, temperature sensors were placed in hives in different locations and orientations on the trailer during shipping. Colony size prior to shipping significantly contributed to loss of population immediately after shipping which contributed to colony failure with smaller colonies more likely to fail and fail faster. Colony size also affects thermoregulation and temperature stress.

    Data from: USBombus, Contemporary Survey Data of North American Bumble Bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombus) Distributed in the United States

      US*Bombus* is a large dataset that represents the outcomes of the largest standardized survey of bee pollinators (*Hymenoptera*, *Apidae*, *Bombus*) on the planet. The motivation to collect live bumble bees across the US was to document the decline and conservation status of *Bombus affinis*, *B. occidentalis*, *B. pensylvanicus*, and *B. terricola*. This dataset documents a total of 17,796 adult occurrence records across 391 locations and 38 species of *Bombus*. The geospatial coverage of the dataset extends across 41 of the 50 US states and from 0 to 3500 m a.s.l. The temporal scale of the dataset represents systematic surveys that took place from 2007 to 2010. The dataset was developed using SQL server 2008 r2. For each specimen, the following information is generally provided: species name, sex, caste, temporal and geospatial details, Cartesian coordinates, data collector(s), and when available, host plants. This database has already proven useful for a variety of studies on bumble bee ecology and conservation. Considering the value of pollinators in agriculture and wild ecosystems, this large systematic collection of bumble bee occurrence records will likely prove useful in investigations into the effects of anthropogenic activities on pollinator community composition and conservation status.

      Hymenoptera Holotypes of the Smithsonian Institution

        This website and on-line searchable database is a collaborative effort among several individuals. The arrangement of the specimen labels in the images on this site reflect their top to bottom positioning on the pin as viewed from upper left to lower right.