A model that simulates host and parasitoid population interactions, parasitism rates, and plant damage is described. BIOCONTROL-PARASITE can simulate many different species of phytophagus insects, parasitoids, and plants because specifics of the insect and plant biology are entered though menus at the beginning of a simulation.
These are data on variation in host specificity and genetics among 16 populations of an aphid parasitoid, Aphelinus certus, 15 from Asia and one from North America. Host range was the same for all the parasitoid populations, but levels of parasitism varied among aphid species, suggesting adaptation to locally abundant aphids. Differences in host specificity did not correlate with geographical distances among parasitoid populations, suggesting that local adaption is mosaic rather than clinal, with a spatial scale of less than 50 kilometers. Analysis of reduced representation libraries for each population showed genetic differentiation among them. Differences in host specificity correlated with genetic distances among the parasitoid populations.
Microplitis demolitor (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is a parasitoid used as a biological control agent to control larval-stage Lepidoptera and serves as a model for studying the function and evolution of symbiotic viruses in the genus Bracovirus. Using RNA-Seq data for this species and manual annotation of genes of viral origin, we annotated a high-quality gene set including 171 virus-derived protein-coding genes.
A joint project of The University of Georgia - Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources and College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, The Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Southern Integrated Pest Management Center, Southern Plant Diagnostic Network, and USDA/APHIS Identification Technology Program, IPM Images image categories include: Commodity Groups; Taxonomy; Biological Controls; Damage Types; and Diseases.
These data sets provide results of no-choice laboratory experiments on host specificity of 13 populations in seven species from three species complexes in the genus Aphelinus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae). They also provide results of experiments on the mechanisms of host specificity in three parasitoid species with narrow host ranges.
Data from: Defensive aphid symbiont Hamiltonella defensa effects on Aphelinus glycinis and Aphelinus atriplicis
Aphelinus glycinis was collected in the Peoples Republic of China under a Memorandum of Understanding between their Ministry of Agriculture and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Aphelinus atriplicis was collected by employees of the USDA, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), in the Republic of Georgia with the permission of that government. The parasitoids were imported into the USDA, ARS, Beneficial Insect Introductions Research Unit containment facility in Newark, Delaware, under permits from the USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (Permit Numbers P526P-08-02142 and P526P-09-01929). No specific permissions were required to collect Aphis craccivora or Acyrthosiphon pisum because these are cosmopolitan aphids that occur in the field throughout North America. None of the species collected or studied are endangered or protected.
Data from: Host specificity of Aphelinus species considered for introduction to control Diuraphis noxia
These data are results of laboratory experiments on host specificity of ten populations of seven species from two species complexes in the genus Aphelinus. Host specificity was not related to host plant species or the phylogenetic relatedness of the aphids or the parasitoids. From these results, we conclude that A. hordei is an excellent candidate for introduction into the USA to control D. noxia.
Data from: Variation in genome size and karyotype among closely-related aphid parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae)
This study measured genome sizes and determined the karyotypes of nine species of aphid parasitoids in the genus Aphelinus.
Data from: Population dynamics of an invasive forest insect and associated natural enemies in the aftermath of invasion
Datasets archived here consist of all data analyzed in Duan et al. 2015 from Journal of Applied Ecology. Specifically, these data were collected from annual sampling of emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) immature stages and associated parasitoids on infested ash trees (Fraxinus) in Southern Michigan, where three introduced biological control agents had been released between 2007 - 2010.