Uniform Soybean Tests, Northern Region

The Uniform Soybean Tests, Northern Region, in place since 1941, evaluate yield, disease resistance, and quality traits of public breeding lines from northern states of the USA and Canadian provinces. The annual reports which compile the test results (PDF format) are available, and new reports are added annually.

Genomics and Genetics

Uniform Soybean Tests, Southern States

The Uniform Soybean Tests, Southern States, in place since 1943, evaluate yield, disease resistance, and quality traits of public breeding lines from the southern states of the USA. The annual reports which compile the test results (PDF format) are available, and new reports are added annually.

Genomics and Genetics

Compilation of climate data from heterogeneous networks across the Hawaiian Islands

This paper provides: (1) a summary of the available climate data in Hawai‘i including a detailed description of the various meteorological observation networks and data accessibility, and (2) a quality-controlled meteorological dataset across the Hawaiian Islands for the 25-year period 1990-2014. The dataset draws on observations from 471 climate stations and includes rainfall, maximum and minimum surface air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, downward shortwave and longwave radiation data.

Agroecosystems & Environment

Maize Genetics Cooperation Stock Center Catalog of Stocks

The Maize Genetics Cooperation Stock Center is operated by USDA/ARS, located at the University of Illinois, Urbana/Champaign, and integrated with the National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS). The center serves the maize research community by collecting, maintaining and distributing seeds of maize genetic stocks, and providing information about maize stocks and the mutations they carry through the Maize Genetics and Genomics Database (MaizeGDB).

Ag Data Commons

Video data of flowers, fruitlets, and fruit in apple trees during the 2017 growing season at USDA-ARS-AFRS

This record contains videos of apple trees acquired from a ground vehicle throughout the growing season. Research in precision management methods in orchard crops revolve around locating objects of interest, namely flowers, fruitlets, and fruit, autonomously. This dataset is provided so that researchers without access to research plots or mature trees can experiment with the data acquired during the course of an ongoing project on apple flower estimation in images. The trees shown in these videos have a mixture of colors and growth habits. In particular, the four varieties represent one of each of the Lespinasse ideotypes.

Image of apple tree flowers in the spring.

National Invertebrate Genetic Resources

Insects impact American agriculture both as destructive and beneficial organisms. Insect pests, parasites, predators, products, and pollinators are all economically important. It is critically important to distinguish between different species, races, stocks, strains, biotypes, and other genetic entities and to document their different interactions with agriculture and the environment. The goals of the National Invertebrate Genetic Resources Program include: 1. Preservation of reference specimens 2. Maintenance of genetically important germplasm 3. Documentation of specific insect stocks 4. Management of databases 5. Distribution of material to researchers and breeders.

Ag Data Commons

Cacao Genome Database

The release of the cacao genome sequence will provide researchers with access to the latest genomic tools, enabling more efficient research and accelerating the breeding process, thereby expediting the release of superior cacao cultivars. The sequenced genotype, Matina 1-6, is representative of the genetic background most commonly found in the cacao producing countries, enabling results to be applied immediately and broadly to current commercial cultivars.  Matina 1-6 is highly homozygous which greatly reduces the complexity of the sequence assembly process. While the sequence provided is a preliminary release, it already covers 92% of the genome, with approximately 35,000 genes. We will continue to refine the assembly and annotation, working toward a complete finished sequence.

Genomics and Genetics

Cool Season Food Legume Crop Database Resources

Genomic, Genetic and Breeding Resources for Pea, Lentil, Chickpea and Faba Bean Crop Improvement. The database contains genes, genomes, germplasm, maps, markers, QTL/MTL, species information, and transcripts.

Ag Data Commons