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Effort Versus Reward: Preparing samples for fungal community characterization in high-throughput sequencing surveys of soils

    This data set consists of four data files. The FASTA file, Representative OTU sequences.fa, contains representative sequences from the operational taxonomic units (OTUs) shown in the OTU table. FASTA files can be opened in simple text editors, and sequences can be aligned using the BLAST tool (http://blast.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Blast.cgi) or open source software, like AliView (http://www.ormbunkar.se/aliview/). There are two Excel data files: OTU table and heatmaps.xlsx and Diversity Indexes.xlsx. The former contains the raw abundance data for the observed OTUs from the different experimental sites. The latter is a breakdown of various diversity indices that are grouped based on experimental characteristics, such as extraction volume, extraction method, etc. Excel_Archive.zip is a compressed version of the two Excel data files that have been converted to more archival-friendly formats using Excel Archival Tool.

    USDA-ARS Colorado Maize Water Productivity Dataset 2012-2013

      The USDA-Agricultural Research Service carried out an experiment on water productivity in response to seasonal timing of irrigation of maize (*Zea mays* L.) at the Limited Irrigation Research Farm (LIRF) facility in northeastern Colorado (40°26’ N, 104°38’ W) starting in 2012. Twelve treatments involved different water availability targeted at specific growth-stages. This dataset includes data from the first two years, which were complete years with intact treatments. Data includes canopy growth and development (canopy height, canopy cover and LAI), irrigation, precipitation, and soil water storage measured periodically through the season; daily estimates of crop evapotranspiration; and seasonal measurement of crop water use, harvest index and crop yield. Hourly and daily weather data are also provided from the CoAgMET, Colorado’s network of meteorological information.

      Rapid Carbon Assessment (RaCA)

        The Rapid Carbon Assessment (RaCA) was initiated by the USDA-NRCS Soil Science Division in 2010 with the following objectives: * To develop statistically reliable quantitative estimates of amounts and distribution of carbon stocks for U.S. soils under various land covers and to the extent possible, differing agricultural management. * To provide data to support model simulations of soil carbon change related to land use change, agricultural management, conservation practices, and climate change. * To provide a scientifically and statistically defensible inventory of soil carbon stocks for the U.S.

        Agricultural Land Management Alternative with Numerical Assessment Criteria (ALMANAC) Simulation Model

          The Agricultural Land Management Alternative with Numerical Assessment Criteria (ALMANAC) model simulates crop growth, competition, light interception by leaves, biomass accumulation, partitioning of biomass into grain, water use, nutrient uptake, and growth constraints such as water, temperature, and nutrient stress. Plant development is temperature driven, with duration of growth stages dependent on degree days. Each plant species has a defined base temperature and optimum temperature.

          Wind Erosion Prediction System (WEPS)

            This site provides access to the WEPS software version used for official purposes by NRCS field offices and Technical Service providers. NRCS developed and maintains the components of the WEPS Databases and information on this site. The USDA-Agricultural Research Service is the lead agency for developing the science in the WEPS model and the model interface. WEPS predicts many forms of soil erosion by wind such as saltation-creep and suspension including PM-10.