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Data from: Mitigating nitrogen pollution with under-sown legume-grass cover crop mixtures in winter cereals

    This study was part of a cover crop-based, organic rotational no-till cropping systems experiment conducted from 2015-2017 at Pennsylvania State University’s Russell E. Larson Agricultural Research Center in Rock Springs, PA, USA, employing a corn (*Zea mays* subsp. mays L.), soybean (*Glycine max* (L.) Merr.), spelt (*Triticum spelta* L.) rotation that is typical for feed and forage farmers in the Mid-Atlantic USA. Data include: Nitrate leaching from anion resin bags; Nitrous oxide fluxes from static chambers and isotopomers; Soil inorganic N including ammonium and nitrate; Soil moisture and temperature; Cover crop biomass as well as carbon and nitrogen content and nitrogen isotope ratios; Cash crop yields.

    Irrigator Pro

      Irrigator Pro is an expert system designed to provide irrigation scheduling recommendations based on scientific data resulting in conservation minded irrigation management. The success of Irrigator Pro for Peanuts created interest in other groups. A collaborative effort between the NPRL, Cotton Commission, University of Georgia, and the Peanut Foundation was established to create comparable models for cotton and corn.


        This program models the photosynthetic response of 13 floriculture crops to light, temperature, or carbon dioxide (CO2) and allows users to estimate the impact of adjusting their greenhouse environment. You can predict the impact on photosynthesis for different management changes (shading, supplemental high pressure sodium lighting, CO2 injection,or heating or cooling).

        The Ogallala Agro-Climate Tool

          The Ogallala Agro-Climate Tool is a Visual Basic application that estimates irrigation demand and crop water use over the Ogallala Aquifer region.

          SGA Pro (elevator storage)

            Stored Grain Advisor (SGA) is a decision support system for managing insect pests of farm-stored wheat. The program predicts the likelihood of insect infestation, and recommends appropriate preventative actions . It also provides advice on how to sample and identify insect pests of stored wheat. SGA Pro was designed for use in commercial elevators as part of the Areawide IPM Project for stored grain. Grain samples are taken with a vacuum probe and processed over an inclined sieve. SGA Pro analyzes the insect data, grain temperatures and moistures, and determines which bins need to be fumigated.


              Root Zone Water Quality Model 2 (RZWQM2) is a whole-system model for studying crop production and environmental quality under current and changing climate conditions. It emphasizes the effects of agricultural management practices on physical, chemical and biological processes. RZWQM2 is a one-dimensional model with a pseudo 2-dimensional drainage flow. Crop simulation options include the generic plant growth model, DSSAT-CSM 4.0 and HERMES SUCROS models. It also can simulate surface energy balance with components from the SHAW model and water erosion from the GLEAMS model. An automated parameter estimation algorithm (PEST) was added to RZWQM2 for objective model calibration and uncertainty analysis.

              Data from: Long-Distance Transportation Causes Temperature Stress in the Honey Bee, Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

                To test how temperature may contribute to bee (*Apis mellifera*) transportation stress, temperature sensors were placed in hives in different locations and orientations on the trailer during shipping. Colony size prior to shipping significantly contributed to loss of population immediately after shipping which contributed to colony failure with smaller colonies more likely to fail and fail faster. Colony size also affects thermoregulation and temperature stress.


                  HYDRUS-1D is a Microsoft Windows-based modeling environment for analysis of water flow and solute transport in variably saturated porous media. The software package includes the one-dimensional finite element model HYDRUS (version 7.0) for simulating the movement of water, heat, and multiple solutes in variably saturated media. The model is supported by an interactive graphics-based interface for data-preprocessing, discretization of the soil profile, and graphic presentation of the results.


                    Cligen is a stochastic weather generator which produces daily estimates of precipitation, temperature, dewpoint, wind, and solar radiation for a single geographic point, using monthly parameters (means, SD's, skewness, etc.) derived from the historic measurements. Unlike other climate generators, it produces individual storm parameter estimates, including time to peak, peak intensity, and storm duration, which are required to run the WEPP and the WEPS soil erosion models.