This dataset contains water balance data for each year when alfalfa was grown at the USDA-ARS Conservation and Production Laboratory (CPRL), Soil and Water Management Research Unit (SWMRU) research weather station, Bushland, Texas (Lat. 35.186714°, Long. -102.094189°, elevation 1170 m above MSL). Alfalfa was grown on two large, precision weighing lysimeters, each in the center of a 4.44 ha square field in 1996 through 1999. Irrigation was by linear move sprinkler system. Irrigations were managed to replenish soil water used by the crop on a weekly or more frequent basis as determined by soil profile water content readings made with a neutron probe to 2.4-m depth in the field. The weighing lysimeters were used to measure relative soil water storage to 0.05 mm accuracy at 5-minute intervals, and the 5-minute change in soil water storage was used along with precipitation and irrigation amounts to calculate crop evapotranspiration (ET), which is reported at 15-minute intervals. Because the large (3 m by 3 m surface area) weighing lysimeters are better rain gages than are tipping bucket gages, the 15-minute precipitation data are derived for each lysimeter from changes in lysimeter mass. The land slope is <0.3% and flat.
The water balance data consist of 15-minute and daily amounts of evapotranspiration (ET), dew/frost fall, precipitation (rain/snow), irrigation, scale counterweight adjustment, and emptying of drainage tanks, all in mm. The values are the result of a rigorous quality control process involving algorithms for detecting dew/frost accumulations, and precipitation (rain and snow). Changes in lysimeter mass due to emptying of drainage tanks, counterweight adjustment, maintenance activity, and harvest are accounted for such that ET values are minimally affected. The ET data should be considered to be the best values offered in these datasets. Even though ET data are also presented in the "lysimeter" datasets, the values herein are the result of a more rigorous quality control process. Dew and frost accumulation varies from year to year and seasonally within a year, and it is affected by lysimeter surface condition [bare soil, tillage condition, residue amount and orientation (flat or standing), etc.]. Particularly during winter and depending on humidity and cloud cover, dew and frost accumulation sometimes accounts for an appreciable percentage of total daily ET.
These datasets originate from research aimed at determining crop water use (ET), reference "tall crop" ET, crop coefficients for use in ET-based irrigation scheduling based on a reference ET, crop growth, yield, harvest index, and crop water productivity as affected by irrigation method, timing, amount (full or some degree of deficit), agronomic practices, cultivar, and weather. Prior publications have focused on alfalfa ET, crop coefficients, crop water productivity reference "tall crop" ET, alternative methods of estimating reference ET from weather data. Crop coefficients have been used by ET networks. The data have utility for testing simulation models of crop ET, growth, and yield.
- 1996 Bushland, TX. East Alfalfa Evapotranspiration, Irrigation, and Water Balance Dataxlsx
The data consist of 15-minute and daily amounts of evapotranspiration (ET),...MD5:Explore Data2.5 MB
- 1997 Bushland, TX. East Alfalfa Evapotranspiration, Irrigation, and Water Balance Dataxlsx
The data consist of 15-minute and daily amounts of evapotranspiration (ET),...MD5:Explore Data2.49 MB
- 1998 Bushland, TX. East Alfalfa Evapotranspiration, Irrigation, and Water Balance Dataxlsx
The data consist of 15-minute and daily amounts of evapotranspiration (ET),...MD5:Explore Data2.42 MB
- 1999 Bushland, TX. East Alfalfa Evapotranspiration, Irrigation, and Water Balance Dataxlsx
The data consist of 15-minute and daily amounts of evapotranspiration (ET),...MD5:Explore Data2.39 MB
|Release Date|| |
|Spatial / Geographical Coverage Area|| |
POLYGON ((-102.09906463948 35.191719970106, -102.07671433134 35.19121493622, -102.07678299485 35.1865853205, -102.07609634934 35.177044674547, -102.09913330298 35.177072738625))
Ag Data Commons
|Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location|| |
|Temporal Coverage|| |
January 1, 1996 to December 31, 1999
|Contact Name|| |
Evett, Steven R.
|Public Access Level|| |
|Program Code|| |
005:040 - Department of Agriculture - National Research
|Bureau Code|| |
005:18 - Agricultural Research Service