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U.S. Forest Service

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Data Extent

Urban tree database

This data publication contains urban tree growth data collected over a period of 14 years (1998-2012) in 17 cities from 13 states across the United States: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Indiana, Minnesota, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, and South Carolina.

Measurements were taken on over 14,000 urban street and park trees. Key information collected for each tree species includes bole and crown size, location, and age. Based on these measurements, 365 sets of allometric equations were developed for tree species from around the U.S. Each “set” consists of eight equations for each of the approximately 20 most abundant species in each of 16 climate regions. Tree age is used to predict a species diameter at breast height (dbh), and dbh is used to predict tree height, crown diameter, crown height, and leaf area. Dbh is also used to predict age. For applications with remote sensing, average crown diameter is used to predict dbh. There are 171 distinct species represented within this database. Some species grow in more than one region. The Urban Tree Database (UTD) contains foliar biomass data (raw data and summarized results from the foliar sampling for each species and region) that are fundamental to calculating leaf area, as well as tree biomass equations (compiled from literature) for carbon storage estimates. An expanded list of dry weight biomass density factors for common urban species is made available to assist users in using volumetric equations.

Release Date
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Area
POLYGON ((-160 50, -65 50, -65 20, -160 20))
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location
Data are from a consistent set of measurements on over 14,000 trees in these 17 U.S. cities: Orlando, Florida Charleston, South Carolina Claremont, California Modesto, California Albuquerque, New Mexico Indianapolis, Indiana Minneapolis, Minnesota Fort C
Forest Service Research Data Archive
Temporal Coverage
January 1, 1998 to December 31, 2012
Contact Name
Doorn, Natalie S. van
Contact Email
Public Access Level
Program Code
005:059 - Department of Agriculture - Management Activities
Bureau Code
005:96 - Forest Service
Harvested from Forest Service
Harvest Source TitleForest Service
Harvest Source URIhttps://www.fs.usda.gov/rds/rdaoaipmh/o
Last Harvest PerformedFri, 03/16/2018 - 11:24

Metadata Source

U.S. Forest Service