Long Term Agroecosystem Research Overview

Agriculture faces tremendous challenges in meeting multiple, diverse societal goals, including a safe and plentiful food supply, climate change adaptation/mitigation, supplying sources of bioenergy, improving water/air/soil quality, and maintaining biodiversity. The LTAR network enables long-term, trans-disciplinary science across farm resource regions to address these challenges. The goal of this research network is to ensure sustained crop and livestock production and ecosystem services from agroecosystems, and to forecast and verify the effects of environmental trends, public policies, and emerging technologies. Ultimately, LTAR is expected to provide a wide array of clients, partners, and stakeholders with four basic outcomes:
  1. Agroecosystem productivity is sustainably enhanced by the development and application of new technologies
  2. Mitigation and adaptation of agroecosystems to climate change is improved by more accurate predictions of resource responses to system drivers
  3. Stronger linkages to other long-term research networks improves conservation and environmental quality in agricultural landscapes
  4. The socio-economic viability of, and opportunities for, rural communities are enhanced through educational outreach by LTAR scientists and collaborators
For the fully interactive version of this LTAR data explorer visit https://ltar.nal.usda.gov.


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113 datasets

PhenoCam images from Jornada Experimental Range, New Mexico, USA since 2014

This data set consists of repeat digital imagery from the phenocams at the Jornada Experimental Range. JER is a member of the PhenoCam network, which has as its mission to serve as a long-term, continental-scale, phenological observatory. Imagery is uploaded to the PhenoCam server every 30 minutes. The archived images provide a permanent record that can be visually inspected to determine the phenological state of the vegetation at any point in time. Quantitative data on the colour of vegetation—a proxy for its phenological state—can also be extracted from the images using simple image processing methods.

Long-term Agro-ecosystem Research Initiative

Data from: Threshold Behavior of Catchments with Duplex Hillslope Soils Feeding Soil Pipe Networks

This dataset corresponds with two published studies conducted on loess covered catchments in northern Mississippi, USA within the Goodwin Creek Experimental Watershed that contain extensive networks of soil pipes and corresponding collapse features. These loess soils contain fragipan layers that were found to perch water, thereby initiating the piping processes. The dataset contains data from two papers, specifically these include: (i) the spatial distribution of soil pipe collapses and their size measurements from the Wilson et al. (2015) paper, and (ii) hydrologic measurements of perched water tables on hillslopes, water levels of selected soil pipe locations, and precipitation from the Wilson et al. (2017) paper.

Location of Goodwin Creek Experimental Watershed in Mississippi, USA and Catchments within GCEW of the study site.

Eddy Covariance Data from Office of Naval Research Biofuel project on Maui

These data come from three eddy covariance (EC) towers that were installed as part of a project to assess the productivity of sugarcane agricultural systems for biofuel production. These towers were operated from 2011-2013 in Maui, USA. Major observational parameters include net carbon exchange, evapotranspiration, and energy fluxes.

Eddy Covariance tower establishment in Maui

Natural Resource and Genomics Data System

This application represents the public facing presence for Greenhouse Gas Reduction through Agricultural Carbon Enhancement Network (GRACEnet) and Resilient Economic Agricultural Practices (REAP). Other projects such as Agricultural Antibiotic Resistance (AgAR), Nutrient Use and Outcome Network (NUOnet), and others will be added to this application in the future.

Long-term Agro-ecosystem Research Initiative

ARS Water Database

The ARS Water Data Base is a collection of precipitation and streamflow data from small agricultural watersheds in the United States. This national archive of variable time-series readings for precipitation and runoff contains sufficient detail to reconstruct storm hydrographs and hyetographs. There are currently about 14,000 station years of data stored in the data base. Watersheds used as study areas range from 0.2 hectare (0.5 acres) to 12,400 square kilometers (4,786 square miles). Raingage networks range from one station per watershed to over 200 stations. The period of record for individual watersheds vary from 1 to 50 years. Some watersheds have been in continuous operation since the mid 1930's.

Long-term Agro-ecosystem Research Initiative

Data from: A field-scale sensor network data set for monitoring and modeling the spatial and temporal variation of soil moisture in a dryland agricultural field

Automated in situ soil sensor network - the data set includes hourly and daily measurements of volumetric water content, soil temperature, and bulk electrical conductivity, collected at 42 monitoring locations and 5 depths (30, 60, 90, 120, and 150 cm) across Cook Agronomy Farm. Data collection was initiated in April 2007 and is ongoing.

Long-term Agro-ecosystem Research Initiative

Goodwater Creek Experimental Watershed Weather Data

The United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS) Cropping Systems and Water Quality Research Unit operates a network of instruments to measure relevant weather parameters in the Goodwater Creek Experimental Watershed (GCEW). This watershed is the core of the Central Mississippi River Basin (CMRB)…

Long-term Agro-ecosystem Research Initiative