Long Term Agroecosystem Research Overview

Agriculture faces tremendous challenges in meeting multiple, diverse societal goals, including a safe and plentiful food supply, climate change adaptation/mitigation, supplying sources of bioenergy, improving water/air/soil quality, and maintaining biodiversity. The LTAR network enables long-term, trans-disciplinary science across farm resource regions to address these challenges. The goal of this research network is to ensure sustained crop and livestock production and ecosystem services from agroecosystems, and to forecast and verify the effects of environmental trends, public policies, and emerging technologies. Ultimately, LTAR is expected to provide a wide array of clients, partners, and stakeholders with four basic outcomes:
  1. Agroecosystem productivity is sustainably enhanced by the development and application of new technologies
  2. Mitigation and adaptation of agroecosystems to climate change is improved by more accurate predictions of resource responses to system drivers
  3. Stronger linkages to other long-term research networks improves conservation and environmental quality in agricultural landscapes
  4. The socio-economic viability of, and opportunities for, rural communities are enhanced through educational outreach by LTAR scientists and collaborators
For the fully interactive version of this LTAR data explorer visit https://ltar.nal.usda.gov.

Datasets

19 datasets

Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed, Arizona (Sediment)

The Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed (WGEW) sediment collection program, established in 1953, provides event-based data for semiarid rangeland erosion, sediment transport, and yield research. Sediment loads carried through the channel network on the WGEW are high, but are typical of semiarid rangelands, and are influenced…

Long-term Agro-ecosystem Research Initiative

Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed, Arizona (Precipitation)

An extensive precipitation database at the 149 km2 Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed (WGEW) has been developed over the past 53 years with the first records starting in August 1953 and continuing to the present. The WGEW is a tributary of the San Pedro River, surrounds…

Long-term Agro-ecosystem Research Initiative

Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed, Arizona (Runoff)

The Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed (WGEW) runoff database has the longest period of record of runoff in the world for a semiarid location, with data collection beginning in 1953. Runoff occurs at Walnut Gulch primarily as a result of convective thunderstorms during the months of…

Long-term Agro-ecosystem Research Initiative

ARS Water Database

The ARS Water Data Base is a collection of precipitation and streamflow data from small agricultural watersheds in the United States. This national archive of variable time-series readings for precipitation and runoff contains sufficient detail to reconstruct storm hydrographs and hyetographs. There are currently about 14,000 station years of data stored in the data base. Watersheds used as study areas range from 0.2 hectare (0.5 acres) to 12,400 square kilometers (4,786 square miles). Raingage networks range from one station per watershed to over 200 stations. The period of record for individual watersheds vary from 1 to 50 years. Some watersheds have been in continuous operation since the mid 1930's.

Long-term Agro-ecosystem Research Initiative

SGP97 Surface: High Plains Climate Network Data

The Southern Great Plains 1997 (SGP97) Hydrology Experiment originated from an interdisciplinary investigation, "Soil Moisture Mapping at Satellite Temporal and Spatial Scales" (PI: Thomas J. Jackson, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, MD) selected under the NASA Research Announcement 95-MTPE-03. The region selected for investigation is…

Long-term Agro-ecosystem Research Initiative