Divergence in host specificity and genetics among populations of Aphelinus certus

These are data on variation in host specificity and genetics among 16 populations of an aphid parasitoid, Aphelinus certus, 15 from Asia and one from North America. Host range was the same for all the parasitoid populations, but levels of parasitism varied among aphid species, suggesting adaptation to locally abundant aphids. Differences in host specificity did not correlate with geographical distances among parasitoid populations, suggesting that local adaption is mosaic rather than clinal, with a spatial scale of less than 50 kilometers. Analysis of reduced representation libraries for each population showed genetic differentiation among them. Differences in host specificity correlated with genetic distances among the parasitoid populations.

Genomics and Genetics

Annotations of Unigenes Assembled from Schizaphis graminum and Sipha flava

Transcriptomes were assembled de novo from pools of adult aphids that were feeding on sorghum and switchgrass. Reads from all replicates were pooled, normalized in silico to 25X coverage, and assembled using Trinity. Only the most abundant isoform for each unigene was retained for annotation and unigenes with transcripts per million mapped reads (TPM) less than 0.5 were removed from the dataset. The remaining unigenes were annotated using Trinotate with BLASTP comparisons against the Swiss-Prot/UniProt database. In addition, Pfam-A assignments were computed using hmmer, signal peptide predictions were performed using SignalP, and transmembrane domain predictions were performed using tmHMM. Gene ontology (GO assignments) were retrieved from Trinotate using the highest scoring BLASTp matches as queries.

Genomics and Genetics

Data from: Metabolic Coevolution in the Bacterial Symbiosis of Whiteflies and Related Plant Sap-Feeding Insects

Genomic decay is a common feature of intracellular bacteria that have entered into symbiosis with plant sap-feeding insects. This study of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci and two bacteria (Portiera aleyrodidarum and Hamiltonella defensa) cohoused in each host cell investigated whether the decay of Portiera metabolism genes is complemented by host and Hamiltonella genes, and compared the metabolic traits of the whitefly symbiosis with other sap-feeding insects (aphids, psyllids, and mealybugs).

Genomics and Genetics

Insect Images: The Source for Entomology Photos

A joint project of The University of Georgia - Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - Department of Entomology, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, Georgia Museum of Natural History, The Entomology Society of America and USDA Identification Technology Program, Insect Images image categories include: Insect Orders: Hymenoptera; Coleoptera; Hemiptera; Lepidoptera; Blattodea; Odonata; Dermaptera; Diptera; Orthoptera; Neuroptera; Phthiraptera; Mantodea; Thysanura; Isoptera; Thysanoptera; Phasmatoptera; and Related Organisms.

Maps and Multimedia

Aphidnet

AphID includes a key to the 66 most polyphagous and cosmopolitan aphid species.

Maps and Multimedia

Data from: Defensive aphid symbiont Hamiltonella defensa effects on Aphelinus glycinis and Aphelinus atriplicis

Aphelinus glycinis was collected in the Peoples Republic of China under a Memorandum of Understanding between their Ministry of Agriculture and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Aphelinus atriplicis was collected by employees of the USDA, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), in the Republic of Georgia with the permission of that government. The parasitoids were imported into the USDA, ARS, Beneficial Insect Introductions Research Unit containment facility in Newark, Delaware, under permits from the USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (Permit Numbers P526P-08-02142 and P526P-09-01929). No specific permissions were required to collect Aphis craccivora or Acyrthosiphon pisum because these are cosmopolitan aphids that occur in the field throughout North America. None of the species collected or studied are endangered or protected.

Agroecosystems & Environment