The data are derived from the field monitoring of irrigated furrows from 1998 to 2016 at the research farm of the USDA/ARS-Northwest Irrigation and Water Research Laboratory in Kimberly, Idaho, USA (south-central Idaho). For each monitored furrow, irrigation inflow rates, outflow rates, and sediment concentrations were recorded periodically during the irrigation. A gated pipe conveyed irrigation water across the plots at the head, or inflow-end, of the furrows and adjustable spigots supplied water to each irrigated furrow.
Data from: Agro-environmental consequences of shifting from nitrogen- to phosphorus-based manure management of corn.
This experiment was designed to measure greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes and related agronomic characteristics of a long-term corn-alfalfa rotational cropping system fertilized with manure (liquid versus semi-composted separated solids) from dairy animals. Different manure-application treatments were sized to fulfill two conditions: (1) an application rate to meet the agronomic soil nitrogen requirement of corn (“N-based” without manure incorporation, more manure), and (2) an application rate to match or to replace the phosphorus removal by silage corn from soils (“P-based” with incorporation, less manure). In addition, treatments tested the effects of liquid vs. composted-solid manure, and the effects of chemical nitrogen fertilizer. The controls consisted of non-manured inorganic N treatments (sidedress applications). These activities were performed during the 2014 and 2015 growing seasons as part of the Dairy Coordinated Agricultural Project, or Dairy CAP, as described below. The data from this experiment give insight into the factors controlling GHG emissions from similar cropping systems, and may be used for model calibration and validation after careful evaluation of the flagged data.
Changes in the Porcine Intestinal Microbiome in Response to Infection with Salmonella Enterica and Lawsonia Intracellularis
Salmonella enterica is a leading cause of food borne illness. Recent studies have shown that S. enterica is a pathogen capable of causing alterations to the composition of the intestinal microbiome. A recent prospective cross-sectional study of French pork production farms found a statistically significant association between Lawsonia intracellularis and carriage of S. enterica. The ZIP file includes 51 sequence files (FASTA format) and 1 Excel file describing the species, age, sampled tissue, treatment condition, and sample name corresponding to the different file names. The Excel file is converted to a csv for archival purposes. The Readme.txt file describes the context of how the data was created and any codes used in the spreadsheet.
The USDA-Agricultural Research Service carried out an experiment on water productivity in response to seasonal timing of irrigation of maize (Zea mays L.) at the Limited Irrigation Research Farm (LIRF) facility in northeastern Colorado (40°26’ N, 104°38’ W) starting in 2012. Twelve treatments involved different water availability targeted at specific growth-stages. This dataset includes data from the first two years, which were complete years with intact treatments. Data includes canopy growth and development (canopy height, canopy cover and LAI), irrigation, precipitation, and soil water storage measured periodically through the season; daily estimates of crop evapotranspiration; and seasonal measurement of crop water use, harvest index and crop yield. Hourly and daily weather data are also provided from the CoAgMET, Colorado’s network of meteorological information.
The USDA maintains a database of plant information - USDA Plants Database - containing trait data, some of it life history. This resource is an independently created RESTful API for that data. The API, and open issues for bugs/feature requests can be found in the GitHub repository. This tool can be used from the command line, R, Ruby, Python, a browser, etc.
The largest estuary in North America, the Chesapeake Bay Watershed covers 64,000 square miles and includes more than 150 rivers and streams that drain into the Bay. More than 300 species of fish, shellfish and crab species and a wide array of other wildlife call the Bay home. With almost 30 percent of area in agricultural production, the region’s over 83,000 farms generate more than $10 billion annually. This dataset includes a printer-friendly CCA map and shapefiles for GIS.
This site supports the Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act (RCA) by providing data from a variety of sources, including data on the status and trends of natural resources, conservation efforts (funding and conservation practices applied), and the agricultural sector. Reports can be created at the State, Regional, or National level.