U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

The Triticeae Toolbox

    [The Triticeae Toolbox](https://triticeaetoolbox.org/) (T3) webportal hosts data generated by the Triticeae Coordinated Agricultural Project (CAP), funded by the National Institute for Food and Agriculture (NIFA) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). T3 contains SNP, phenotypic, and pedigree data from wheat and barley germplasm in the Triticeae CAP integrating rapidly expanding DNA marker and sequence data with traditional phenotypic data.

    Data from: Genome-Wide Association Mapping of Loci Associated with Plant Growth and Forage Production under Salt Stress in Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)

      Salinity tolerance is highly desirable to sustain alfalfa production in marginal lands that have been rendered saline. In this study, we used a diverse panel of 198 alfalfa accessions for mapping loci associated with plant growth and forage production under salt stress using genome-wide association studies (GWAS). The plants were genotyped using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS). A greenhouse procedure was used for phenotyping four agronomic and physiological traits affected by salt stress, including dry weight (DW), plant height (PH), leaf chlorophyll content (LCC), and stomatal conductance (SC). For each trait, a stress susceptibility index (SSI) was used to evaluate plant performance under stressed and non-stressed conditions. Marker-trait association identified a total of 42 markers significantly associated with salt tolerance. They were located on all chromosomes except chromosome 2 based on the alignment of their flanking sequences to the reference genome (*Medicago truncatula*). Of those identified, 13 were associated with multiple traits. Several loci identified in the present study were also identified in previous reports. BLAST search revealed that 19 putative candidate genes linked to 24 significant markers. Among them, B3 DNA-binding protein, Thiaminepyrophosphokinase and IQ calmodulin-binding motif protein were identified among multiple traits in the present and previous studies. With further investigation, these markers and candidates would be useful for developing markers for marker-assisted selection in breeding programs to improve alfalfa cultivars with enhanced tolerance to salt stress.

      Data from: Genetic Architecture of Resistance to Stripe Rust in a Global Winter Wheat Germplasm Collection

        Virulence shifts in populations of *Puccinia striiformis* f. sp. *tritici* (*Pst*), the causal pathogen of wheat stripe rust, are a major challenge to resistance breeding. The majority of known resistance genes are already ineffective against current races of *Pst*, necessitating the identification and introgression of new sources of resistance. Germplasm core collections that reflect the range of genetic and phenotypic diversity of crop species are ideal platforms for examining the genetic architecture of complex traits such as resistance to stripe rust. We report the results of genetic characterization and genome-wide association analysis (GWAS) for resistance to stripe rust in a core subset of 1175 accessions in the National Small Grains Collection (NSGC) winter wheat germplasm collection, based on genotyping with the wheat 9K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) iSelect assay and phenotyping of seedling and adult plants under natural disease epidemics in four environments.

        ELIGULUM-A regulates lateral branch and leaf development. Original figure files

          TIFF and JPEG files for the photographs used in constructing figures and supplemental figures in the manuscript, "ELIGULUM-A regulates lateral branch and leaf development," submitted to Plant Physiology. The images document a mutation that alters most of the structures of the plant and how the ELIGULUM-A gene interacts with different developmental pathways. The Figure Legend files describe the images individually.

          Genomes To Fields 2016

            Phenotypic, genotypic, and environment data for the 2016 field season: The data is stored in [CyVerse](http://datacommons.cyverse.org/browse/iplant/home/shared/commons_repo/curated/GenomesToFields_G2F_2016_Data_Mar_2018).

            Genomes To Fields 2015

              Phenotypic, genotypic, and environment data for the 2015 field season: The data is stored in [CyVerse](http://datacommons.cyverse.org/browse/iplant/home/shared/commons_repo/curated/Carolyn_Lawrence_Dill_G2F_Mar_2017).

              Genomes To Fields 2014

                Phenotypic, genotypic, and environment data for the 2014 field season: The data is stored in [CyVerse](http://datacommons.cyverse.org/browse/iplant/home/shared/commons_repo/curated/Carolyn_Lawrence_Dill_G2F_Nov_2016_V.3).

                Genomes To Fields (G2F) Inbred Ear Imaging Data 2017

                  A subset of ~30 inbreds were evaluated in 2014 and 2015 to develop an image based ear phenotyping tool. The data is stored in [CyVerse](http://datacommons.cyverse.org/browse/iplant/home/shared/commons_repo/curated/Edgar_Spalding_G2F_Inbred_Ear_Imaging_June_2017).

                  Maize Genetics Cooperation Stock Center Catalog of Stocks

                    The Maize Genetics Cooperation Stock Center is operated by USDA/ARS, located at the University of Illinois, Urbana/Champaign, and integrated with the National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS). The center serves the maize research community by collecting, maintaining and distributing seeds of maize genetic stocks, and providing information about maize stocks and the mutations they carry through the Maize Genetics and Genomics Database (MaizeGDB).

                    BrAPI

                      The Breeding API (BrAPI) Project is an effort to create a RESTful specification to enable interoperability among plant breeding databases. The Breeding API specifies a standard interface for plant phenotype/genotype databases to serve their data to crop breeding applications. It is a shared, open API, to be used by all data providers and data consumers who wish to participate.