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ASRU Study for Greenhouse gas Reduction through Agricultural Carbon Enhancement network in Sidney, Montana

    Information is needed to mitigate dryland soil greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by using novel management practices. We evaluated the effects of cropping sequence and N fertilization on dryland soil temperature and water content at the 0- to 15-cm depth and surface CO2, N2O, and CH4 fl uxes in a Williams loam (fi ne-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid, Typic Argiustolls) in eastern Montana.


      GOSSYM is a dynamic, process-level simulation model of cotton growth and yield. GOSSYM essentially is a materials balance model which keeps track of carbon and nitrogen in the plant and water and nitrogen in the soil root zone. GOSSYM predicts the response of the field crop to variations in the environment and to cultural inputs. Specifically, the model responds to weather inputs of daily total solar radiation, maximum and minimum air temperatures, daily total wind run, and rainfall and/or irrigation amount. The model also responds to cultural inputs such as preplant and withinseason applications of nitrogen fertilizer, row spacing and within row plant density as they affect total plant population, and cultivation practices.


        Root Zone Water Quality Model 2 (RZWQM2) is a whole-system model for studying crop production and environmental quality under current and changing climate conditions. It emphasizes the effects of agricultural management practices on physical, chemical and biological processes. RZWQM2 is a one-dimensional model with a pseudo 2-dimensional drainage flow. Crop simulation options include the generic plant growth model, DSSAT-CSM 4.0 and HERMES SUCROS models. It also can simulate surface energy balance with components from the SHAW model and water erosion from the GLEAMS model. An automated parameter estimation algorithm (PEST) was added to RZWQM2 for objective model calibration and uncertainty analysis.


          Predicts the salinity, sodicity, and toxic-solute concentration of the soil-water within a simulated crop root zone resulting from the use of a particular irrigation water of given composition and at a specified leaching fraction. It can be used to evaluate the effect of a given salinity level (or solute concentration) on crop yield and of a given sodicity level on soil permeability.


            HYDRUS-1D is a Microsoft Windows-based modeling environment for analysis of water flow and solute transport in variably saturated porous media. The software package includes the one-dimensional finite element model HYDRUS (version 7.0) for simulating the movement of water, heat, and multiple solutes in variably saturated media. The model is supported by an interactive graphics-based interface for data-preprocessing, discretization of the soil profile, and graphic presentation of the results.