U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Ag Data Commons migration begins October 18, 2023

The Ag Data Commons is migrating to a new platform – an institutional portal on Figshare. Starting October 18 the current system will be available for search and download only. Submissions will resume after the launch of our portal on Figshare in November. Stay tuned for details!

Data from: Release and establishment of the weevil Mecinus janthiniformis for biological control of Dalmatian toadflax in southern California

    We monitored populations of the stem weevil, Mecinus janthiniformis, the invasive alien weed Dalmatian toadflax (Linaria dalmatica) and other vegetation to document the impact of using M. janthiniformis as a biological control agent of L. dalmatica. Weevils were released in 2008 and again in 2014 after a wild fire. The results document increases and spread of weevil populations, decrease in Dalmatian toadflax and changes in cover of some vegetation classes.

    Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed, Lucky Hills (Carbon Dioxide and Water Flux)

      The meteorological data and Bowen ratio energy balance systems (BREB) (Model 023/CO2 Campbell Scientific Inc., Logan, Utah, USA) data are used to calculate carbon dioxide and evapotranspiration (ET) fluxes at Lucky Hills. The stored Bowen ration instrument data from the measurement site were transmitted by radio daily to our research station in Tombstone, AZ.

      Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed, Kendall (Carbon Dioxide and Water Flux)

        Atmospheric carbon dioxide and moisture concentrations were measured with an infrared gas analyzer (IRGA) (LI-6262, LI-COR, Inc. Lincoln, Nebraska, USA). Measurements were made from 1997 through the present at the Kendall site. The meteorological data and Bowen ratio energy balance systems (BREB) (Model 023/CO2 Campbell Scientific Inc., Logan, Utah, USA) data are used to calculate carbon dioxide and evapotranspiration (ET) fluxes.

        Vegetation, rainfall simulation, and overland flow experiments before and after tree removal in woodland-encroached sagebrush steppe: the SageSTEP hydrology study

          Simulated rainfall and overland-flow experiments are useful for enhancing understanding of surface hydrologic and erosion processes, quantifying runoff and erosion rates, and developing and testing predictive quantitative models. This extensive dataset consists of rainfall simulation and overland flow experimental plot data coupled with associated measures of vegetation, ground cover, and surface soil properties across point to hillslope scales. Data were collected at three woodland-encroached sagebrush (*Artemisia* spp.) rangelands in the Great Basin, USA, under undisturbed/untreated conditions and 1 yr to 9 yr following fire and/or mechanical tree-removal treatments.

          KINEROS - The kinematic runoff and erosion model

            The kinematic runoff and erosion model KINEROS is an event oriented, physically based model describing the processes of interception, infiltration, surface runoff and erosion from small agricultural and urban watersheds. The watershed is represented by a cascade of planes and channels; the partial differential equations describing overland flow, channel flow, erosion and sediment transport are solved by finite difference techniques. The spatial variation of rainfall, infiltration, runoff, and erosion parameters can be accomodated. KINEROS may be used to determine the effects of various artificial features such as urban developments, small detention reservoirs, or lined channels on flood hydrographs and sediment yield.

            Data from: Range size, local abundance and effect inform species descriptions at scales relevant for local conservation practice

              This study describes how metrics defining invasions may be more broadly applied to both native and invasive species in vegetation management, supporting their relevance to local scales of species conservation and management. A sample monitoring dataset is used to compare range size, local abundance and effect as well as summary calculations of landscape penetration (range size × local abundance) and impact (landscape penetration × effect) for native and invasive species in the mixed-grass plant community of western North Dakota, USA.