A multi-trophic study to assess ecosystem recovery following energy development for oil and gas extraction in northern U.S. Great Plains rangelands is reported. Soil factors, plant species composition and cover, and nematode trophic structuring between reclaimed oil and gas well sites are compared.
GOSSYM is a dynamic, process-level simulation model of cotton growth and yield. GOSSYM essentially is a materials balance model which keeps track of carbon and nitrogen in the plant and water and nitrogen in the soil root zone. GOSSYM predicts the response of the field crop to variations in the environment and to cultural inputs. Specifically, the model responds to weather inputs of daily total solar radiation, maximum and minimum air temperatures, daily total wind run, and rainfall and/or irrigation amount. The model also responds to cultural inputs such as preplant and withinseason applications of nitrogen fertilizer, row spacing and within row plant density as they affect total plant population, and cultivation practices.
Gas Flux from Band Application (GF-Band) is an MS Excel spreadsheet tool that calculates the effective gas flux from soil of a multiple-band area to which manure or fertilizer has been applied in bands. One spreadsheet is for circular gas flux chambers and another is for rectangular chambers.
Solar Calc: Estimating Hourly Incoming Solar Radiation from Limited Meteorological Data
The STM2 model predicts the soil temperature and moisture conditions based on very limited user inputs.
SeedChaser is a 1-D empirical vertical soil tillage distribution model with 1 cm grid spacing that predicts vertical redistribution of weed seeds following user selected (a) sequences of tillage implements, and (b) initial seed distribution values. Results of this model are particularly suited for weed seed emergence modeling. However, the model can be adapted easily to any surface broadcasted agrochemical or incorporated residues.
The Nitrogen Decision Aid is a computerized program that predicts the amount of N mineralized from planting to side-dress or 5-leaf growth-stage. By applying just enough N-fertilizer to reach the critical soil nitrate concentration it is possible reduce this waste. This model is designed for Northern climates that will have some frost in the soil during the winter.